Regular Population Census and Sustainable National Development in Nigeria; A Cost And Benefit Analysis

Emeh, Ikechukwu Eke, Olise, Charles Nnamdi, Idam, Macben Otu, Nwokolo, Chukwudi Christopher


This paper examined the issues around census population and its impact on sustainable national development by comparing the budgetary cost of conducting regular population census with the developmental cost of not conducting regular population census. Data for the study were generated through a well-structured questionnaire from purposively selected respondents in the ministry of Finance, ministry of Budget & National Planning and National Population Commission. 300 respondents were enumerated and the data generated was coded and analyzed with STATA with the help of the descriptive statistics which was used to address the objectives of the study with mean cut-off of 2.5 for acceptance or rejection. The result showed (mean = 3.22) which implies that the developmental cost of not conducting regular population census outweighs the budgetary cost of conducting population census regularly. As a result, we recommended that national development planning must be based on up-to-date data generated from regular decennial population census and followed up with the estimations of the National Bureau of Statistics within the intervals.

Full Text:



Abdallah, N. M. (Aug 3, 2018). 2019 elections set to be Nigeria’s most expensive.

Adamu, S. O. (1989). Population and Planning in Nigeria’, in Tekema, T. and Atanda, J. A., (Eds), Nigeria Since Independence: The 25years government and Public policy, Nigeria, Ibadan: Heinneman Publications.

Adegbamigbe, A. (Aug 11 2015). News Analysis: At N283billion, Nigeria's census costlier than India's or China's.

Agency Report (April 9, 2017). Nigeria’s planned 2018 census to cost N272 billion – Official.

Balogun, S. (2018). History of Population Census in Nigeria.

Corcos, N. (2017). Excavations and Watching Brief at the Corner of Wade Street and Little Anne Street, St Jude's, Bristol, 2014". Internet Archaeology, (45).

Diamond, L. (1988). Class, ethnicity, and democracy in Nigeria: The failure of the first republic. Syracuse University Press.

Drèze, J., & Stern, N. (1987). The theory of cost-benefit analysis. In Handbook of public economics (Vol. 2, pp. 909-989). Elsevier.

Eric, A. L. (August 30, 2017). Problems threaten the accuracy of 2020 US Census.

Ezeah, P., Iyanda, C., & Nwangwu, C. (2013). Challenges of National Population Census and Sustainable Development in Nigeria: A Theoretical Exposition. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 18(1), 50-56.

Fawehinmi, F. (March 6, 2018). The story of how Nigeria’s census figures became weaponized.

Idike, A., & Eme, O. I. (2015). Census politics in Nigeria: an examination of 2006 population census. Journal of Policy and Development studies, 289(1851), 1-26.

Ikande, M. (2018). Problems of Population Census In Nigeria. (13/10/2016). Population census.

Junejo, I. (January 24, 2017). Census: Benefits and need.

Kucynpynky, R. (1948). Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, Macgill: New York.

Kwache, E. (April, 17, 2009). Population Census In Nigeria, The Case Of Michika Adamawa State.

Leete, R. (2001). Population and Housing Censuses; A Funding Crisis? Symposium on Global Review of 2000 Round of Population and Housing Censuses: Mid-Decade Assessment and Future Prospects. Statistics Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat New York, 7-10 August 2001

Masiteng, K. (07 Oct 2011). Census benefits more than just government (nd). Lesson 4: Use of Census and Related Population Information.

Obasanho, S. (2018). What is population census?

Odimegwu, F. (2013). Nigerian Census Challenge: Our Report. The Sun 11th August 2013, P.1

Ogbuagu, S. C. (2004). ‘Fundamentals of Population Census in Nigeria: A paper presented at the awareness seminar’, Umuahia, P. 5-6.

Ogunlade, M. U. (2000). Population and Society, New York: Oxford University press.

Okeibunor, L. C. (1997). Great Issues in Government and Politics, Enugu.

Omaba, R. N. (1969). The role of government in population census project in Africa, New York.

Oyedele, D. (2013). NPC: We lack accurate figures on Nigeria Population. Thisday Newspaper, April 19 p. 1 Retrieved from online on 15/01/19.

Sherif (April 26, 2018). History Of Population Census In Nigeria.

Skinner, C. (2018). Issues and Challenges in Census Taking. Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application, (5), 49-63.

Soapboxie. (November 2, 2016). Problems of census

UNECE (nd) CES 2010 Census Recommendations. Retrieved 2013-11-19.

UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund (nd). Census . Retrieved 2016-07-20.

UNFPA (2002). Population and Housing Census: Strategies for reducing cost. Number 4. New York, NY

United Nations (1998). Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, Revision 1, New York

United Nations (2008). Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses. Statistical Papers: Series M No. 67/Rev.2. p8. ISBN 978-92-1-161505-0.

US Census Bureau (nd). Population

Weeks, J. R. (2008). Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues tenth edition. London: Wadsworth Ltd.

Wordpress (nd). History and Development of the Census in England and Wales. Retrieved 2019-01-10.


Copyright (c) 2020 Emeh, Ikechukwu Eke, Olise, Charles Nnamdi, Idam, Macben Otu, Nwokolo, Chukwudi Christopher

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104


Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.