Analyzing Bottom-Up Budgeting and Assistance to Disadvantaged Municipalities Program: Toward Participatory Budget Implementation in the First Legislative District of Nueva Ecija in the Philippines

Ronnel Santarita Ubungen, Vilma B. Ramos, Rosemarie Riguer Casimiro


From 2014 to 2016, the Province of Nueva Ecija has been a constant beneficiary of the Bottom-up Budgeting (BuB) program. However, the change in administration and priority programs since June 2016 has resulted not only in the change in nomenclature from BuB to Assistance to Disadvantaged Municipalities (ADM) Program but also to the shift in focus in terms of budget share and activity options. While both programs are into breaking the cycle of poverty and empowering the local communities, there are differences among the two that needs further attention. The paper evaluates the implementation of the BuB program in the first legislative district of Nueva Ecija from 2014 to 2016 and analyzes the trend as as bases for the crafting of programs at par with the recent and future developments. The study employed descriptive qualitative research design particularly, content analysis to answer the research question. The study found out that a more responsive ADM program entails greater participation from the stakeholders such as civil society organizations with the technical guidance of the local government units.

Full Text:



Arnstein S. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of the American Institute of Planners 1969, 35, 216–24.

Bartocci, L. (2016). Participatory Budgeting. University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Belch, G., & Belch, M. (2004). Advertising and Promotion, An Integrated Marketing Communications Perspective (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

Bolojan, F. (2011). Bottom-up/top-down budgeting. Defense Resources Management in the 21st Century, 6(6), 160-164.

Decker, F. (2008). Top-down vs. Bottom-up Budgeting, 2008. Review.

DBM-DILG-DSWD-NAPC Joint Memorandum Circular No. 7, Series of 2015: Policy Guidelines and Procedures in the Implementation and Monitoring of Bottom Up Budgeting Program for FY 2016 and thereafter

DILG-DBM Joint Memorandum Circular No. 2017-3 Policy Guidelines and Procedures in the Implementation of the FY 2017 Local Government Support Fund-Assistance to Disadvantaged Municipalities (LGSF-ADM) Program.

Gabriel, A. G. (2017). Transparency and accountability in local government: Levels of the commitment of municipal councilors in Bongabon in the Philippines. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 39(3), 217–223. Accessible at:

Gabriel, G. A., & Gutierrez, M. P. (2017). Praxis in local legislative governance: Measure of organizational effectiveness of the component cities in Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Retrieved from;2017.5.2.02.pdf

Gabriel, A. G., & Ong, D. U. (2018). Linking transparency and accountability to local legislative performance in the province of Nueva Ecija in the Philippines. Journal of Public Administration and Governance., 8(2), 384–396.

Gabriel, A. G., Antonio, M. A., Ramos, V. B., & Marasigan, J. T. (2019). Transparency and Accountability in Local Governance: The Nexus Between Democracy and Public Service Delivery in the Philippines. Public Policy and Administration Research, 9, 30-36.

LeLoup, L. T. (1978). The Myth of Incrementalism: Analytical Choices in Budgetary Theory. Polity.

LeLoup, L. T., et al. (1998). Budgeting in Hungary During the Democratic Transition. Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting, and Financial Management.

Manasan, R. G. (2016). Assessment of the Bottom-up Budgeting process for FY 2016 (No. 2016-23). PIDS Discussion Paper Series.

RA No. 9184 Government Procurement Reform Act.

Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991.

Schick, A. (1990). The Capacity to Budget. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press, 1990.

The General Appropriations Act FY 2014-2016. Accessible at:

The 1987 Philippine Constitution. Accessible at:,posterity%20the%20blessings%20of%20independence

Thindwa, J. (2006). Entry Points for Civil Society to Influence Budget Processes. PowerPoint presentation during the training/workshop on Budget Analysis and Tanzania’s Participatory Public Expenditure Review (PPER) conducted by the Research on Poverty Alleviation and the World Bank Institute.


Copyright (c) 2020 Ronnel Santarita Ubungen, Vilma B. Ramos, Rosemarie Riguer Casimiro

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104


Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.