Rethinking Two Scientific Currents, Westernism and Philosophical Orientation, in Iran of the Islamic Republic Era

Aref Barkhordari


The present article, with emphasis on the descriptive-analytic method, is a description of the thoughts of the scholars of the two scientific, westernist and the Philosophy oriented currents، In Iran after the 1979 revolution. The Iranian revolution in the space of modernity as a paradigm dominating the world occred in 1979. During the revolution and afterwards many crises were created in the Iranian society and the new political system. In the wake of the crises, numerous religious and non-religious groups consisting of clerics, intellectuals and academics sought to eliminate them. Each of these groups proposed a solution to these crises according to their intellectual base and community space or various intellectual and philosophical tendencies. Some of these groups saw their solution in embracing scientificism and adherence to it, some embraced Western models, modernity, and harmony with the West, others saw the solution in following traditionalism and distance from the West and the rationality of the new world, And some have considered solutions to managing society based on the Islamic model. Following will explain the thoughts of the thinkers of the two major streams of thought from these currents.

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Journal of Sociological Research ISSN 1948-5468


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