Channel Aware Scheduling Algorithm for LTE Uplink and Downlink

Aswin Kanagasabai, Amiya Nayak


In the past two decades, there has been a drastic increase in the mobile traffic, which is caused by the improved user experience with smart phones and its applications. In LTE system, the packet scheduler plays a vital role in the effective utilization of the resources. This field is not standardized and has immense scope of improvement, allowing vendor-specific implementation. LTE scheduling can be categorized into two extremes, namely, Opportunistic scheduling and Fairness scheduling. The Best Channel Quality Indicator (BCQI) algorithm falls under the former category while Proportional Fairness (PF) algorithm under the later. BCQI algorithm provides high system throughput than PF algorithm, however, unlike BCQI algorithm, PF algorithm considers users with poor channel condition for allocation process. In this work, a new scheduling algorithm called as Opportunistic Dual Metric (ODM) Scheduling Algorithm is proposed for LTE uplink and downlink.

The objective of the algorithm is to prioritize the users with good channel condition for resource allocation, at the same time not to starve the users with poor channel conditions. The proposed algorithm has two resource allocation matrices, one being throughput-centric and the other being is fairness-centric. The uplink algorithm uses the two resource allocation matrices to allocate the resources to the users and to ensure contiguous resource allocation. The downlink algorithm is an extension of the proposed uplink algorithm avoiding uplink constraints. The downlink algorithm employs the two resource distribution matrices to provide an efficient resource allocation by expanding the allocation for the users considering intermittent resources. The performance of ODM is measured in terms of throughput, fairness. Additionally, the uplink algorithm is analyzed in terms of transmit power. From the results it is observed that the proposed algorithm has better trade-off in terms of all the performance parameters than PF scheduler and BCQI scheduler.


LTE Downlink; LTE scheduling; LTE Uplink; Opportunistic Proportional Fairness

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