Impact of Learning Algorithms on Random Neural Network based Optimization for LTE-UL Systems

Ahsan Adeel, Hadi Larijani, Abbas Javed, Ali Ahmadinia


This paper presents an application of context-aware decision making to the problem of radio resource management (RRM) and inter-cell interference coordination (ICIC) in long-term evolution-uplink (LTE-UL) system. The limitations of existing analytical, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning (ML) based approaches are highlighted and a novel integration of random neural network (RNN) based learning with genetic algorithm (GA) based reasoning is presented. In first part of the implementation, three learning algorithms (gradient descent (GD), adaptive inertia weight particle swarm optimization (AIWPSO), and differential evolution (DE)) are applied to RNN and two learning algorithms (GD and levenberg-marquardt (LM)) are applied to artificial neural network (ANN). In second part of the implementation, the GA based reasoning is applied to the trained ANN and RNN models for performance optimization. Finally, the ANN and RNN based optimization results are compared with the state-of-the-art fractional power control (FPC) schemes in terms of user throughput and power consumption. The simulation results have revealed that an RNN-DE (RNN trained with DE algorithm) based cognitive engine (CE) can provide up to 14% more cell capacity along with 6dBm and 9dBm less user power consumption as compared to RNN-GD (RNN trained with GD algorithm) and FPC methods respectively.


Artificial neural network; fractional power control; genetic algorithm; inter-cell interference coordination; long-term evolution-uplink system; radio resource management; random neural network

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