A Proposed Framework Model of the Relationship between Organizational Culture, Work Engagement, and Employee Performance at Airasia Berhad

Murad Miah, Nor Intan Adha Hafit

Abstract


The aim of this research to determine the relationship between organizational culture (OC) and employee performance (EP) mediated by work engagement (WE); and to make the proposed conceptual model on these three variables based on the prior literature review. In addition, this research focuses on airline business (AirAsia Berhad) which is one of the most famous and affordable airline companies in the Asia region. From the secondary data of AirAsia Berhad, it is demonstrated that for AirAsia succeed and to be a leading airline organization in Asia, employees are the main asset and contributor for succeed goal with a competitive advantage. Research has shown that AirAsia Berhad comes to this position due to the supported of leadership, organizational culture, employee’s engagement and overall relay on employee’s performance. However, the contribution of this study is two way explainable; one is theoretically – first of all, this research is proven the relationship among these three variables (OC, WE, EP) and determined the mediator role of work engagement between organizational culture and employee performance. Secondly, this research is developed the conceptual framework supported the previous literature that will facilitate the researcher for further study on this field. Another way is practical- this research will help the superior manager to induce plan to manage employees to succeed their goal with a competitive advantage. Secondly, it will help the manager to understood with concern; why employees have to be compelled to engage and, why solid organizational culture is vital for work engagement and employee performance. Hence, this research is not out of limitation, which is described in the conclusion paragraph, consequently, these gaps need to fulfil by the future study.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ber.v9i4.15712

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