Denominal Verb Formation in Javanese Language, Banyumas Dialect

Mas Sukardi

Abstract


One of dialect in Javanese language is Banyumas (BJDBm). This dialect has its own typical which differentiates with another Javanese dialect, also with the standard Javanese language, the difference in the areas of phonology, morphology, and vocabulary. This study examines the field of morphology, includes (1) the process derivational of nouns into verbs by affixation, (2) transitive basic verbs from nouns (Vn), and (3) the meaning of grammatical affixation include in forming Vn.
As the basic theoretical, it is used the theories of morphological processes, categories of words, inflection, derivation, and the role of semantics.
The research took place in Banyumas. Sources of primary data in the form of secondary narrative form of writing, informers, and respondent. Data in the form of sentences containing Vn. Research object is Vn. Data collection was done by using rekani technique, note taking, interviews, questionnaires, and literature. Data used to validate the theory triangulation techniques, triangulation of sources, and key informant review. Analysis of data using techniques explained smallest element, the opposition two by two, substitution, expansion, paraphrase, and the continuous cycle.
The results showed that the formation of Vn BJDBm formed through affixation with zero derivation, prefix, infix, suffix, affix combinations, and konfiks. Vn can be transitive and intransitive. Grammatical meanings contained in Vn forming prefixes deeds, wearing, eating, cooking, being, think, look, issuing, maintaining, and suffering. Infix formers implies Vn the grammatical properties and issued. Suffix in the form of Vn means grammatical frequentative, benefactive and locative.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v5i6.4393

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