Assessing China's Rural Reform Programs and the Lessons for Africa's Agriculture Development. A Review

Thomas Bilaliib Udimal, Zhuang Jincai, Henry Asante Antwi, Chen Cong, Owusu Samuel Mensah

Abstract


Since the 2008 global financial crisis, many African governments are now turning to China for the much needed loans and technical expertise to undertake developmental projects. Meanwhile China and Africa exhibited similar socio-economic conditions some three decades ago; high poverty rates and agrarian dominated economies with very low per capita incomes. However, in the past few years, even as Africa remains at the bottom of global economic rankings, China is progressively emerging as the world’s economic powerhouse. This paper examines the literature on how China’s rural reforms program facilitated the country’s fast economic transformation. The reforms process brought about institutional reforms that brought immense changes in the agriculture sector. The institutional reforms led to an increase in public investment in the area of R & D, irrigation, rural education, road, and electricity, which contributed to the growth in agricultural productivity and rural poverty reduction. It is these interventions brought in by the reforms that resulted in the miracle growth experienced by China.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v5i3.11806

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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