Parameters of Soybean Cultivated in Succession With Intercropping System of Out-of-Season Corn With Green Manure

Geovani Genovesi, Giuliano Patrick Rasera, Humberto Misdei Moreski, Daniele Fernanda Felipe, André Ribeiro da Costa, Ricardo Andreola, Aline Maria Orbolato Gonçalves-Zuliani, Graciene de Souza Bido, Anny Rosi Mannigel

Abstract


Most Brazilian soils have low organic matter content, and the current management systems used in agriculture contribute to worsening this situation. The introduction of practices that lead to the increase of soil organic matter becomes more necessary for agrosystems to be sustainable, ensuring high yields because only then the production chain becomes profitable and enables agricultural production. The present work aimed to investigate the effect of intercropping practices among corn crop with different green manures in soybean agronomic parameters. The work consisted of five treatments using Brachiaria ruziziensis (Brachiaria); Raphanus sativus (Forage Turnip); Crotalaria spectabilis cv. Common (Crotalaria); Avena strigosa (Black Oats); and a control area (single maize) with five replications. Different aspects related to successor cultivation with soybean were evaluated taking into consideration agronomic aspects such as stem thickness, number of pods, plant height, the weight of one thousand grains and yield per hectare presented by the crop. The work demonstrated that brachiaria green manure in consortium with out-of-season corn crop promoted the highest plant height and number of pods for the soybean crop in succession.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v7i4.15404

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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