Changes in Carbon Stocks and Chemical Attributes of an Oxisol as a Result of Adoption Period of No-tillage System in the Brazilian Eastern Amazon

Edilson Carvalho Brasil, Rubia Carla Ribeiro Dantas, Mário Lopes da Silva Júnior, Luis de Souza Freitas

Abstract


The conversion of forest areas to grain cropping has promoted a decrease in soil organic matter stocks in the Amazon. This process is most striking when the conventional cultivation system is used. In order to evaluate the changes in soil carbon and nutrient stocks resulting from the time of adoption of the no tillage system in a dystrophic Yellow Oxisol of the Brazilian Amazon biome, a study was conducted in a grain producing area in the northeastern of Pará, Brazil. The treatments corresponded to the following systems: CT6- conventional tillage system with six years of implementation; No-tillage system with 3 (NT3), 4 (NT4) and 7 (NT7) years of implementation. All systems were always cultivated in corn / soybean rotation. Deformed and non-deformed soil samples were collected on a the 2013 crop year at 0-10, 10-20 and 20-40 cm depths. Stocks of carbon (SC) and phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) were calculated by using the equivalent soil mass methodology. Regardless of depth, the NT showed higher SC values than the CT. The adoption of NT showed a tendency of increasing SC of the soil over time. Such increases were up to 36% of the NT7 compared to the CT6. In NT7, the stocks of K, Ca and Mg were higher in relation to PC6. The EC correlated positively with the stocks of K, Ca and Mg in the areas under NT, regardless of the time of system adoption, up to 40 cm deep, indicating improvements in the soil fertility.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i3.15988

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Paper Submission E-mail: jas@macrothink.org

Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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