Massal and Individual Electrical Conductivity Tests and its Relationships with the Physiological Quality of Sweet Sorghum Seeds

Joner Silveira Dalcin, Caren Alessandra Müller, Ubirajara Russi Nunes, Rodrigo Roso, Alberto Cargnelutti Filho, Rogério Luiz Backes, Fernanda Alice Antonelo Londero Backes, Luciane Almeri Tabaldi, Tiéle Stuker Fernandes

Abstract


Rapid tests such as electrical conductivity provide fast and consistent results regarding stratification of seed lots by vigor. They are important tools used to evaluate the physiological quality of seeds of several species, however, no such information was found for Sorghum bicolor. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the physiological quality of the seeds by the mass and individual conductivity tests. Four plots of the Fepagro 19 cultivar were analyzed through the degree of moisture, weight of one thousand seeds, first count and germination, radicular and shoot length, dry mass, cold test and emergence of field seedlings. Subsequently, they were submitted to mass electrical conductivity experiments with variations in the imbibition time (2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours), temperature (20, 25 and 30 ºC), number of seeds (25 and 50), volume of water (50 and 75 mL) and individual (2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours). The design was completely randomized and the data evaluated by the Tukey test. Only the lowest physiological quality batch was detected in the 20 °C, 75 mL and 25 seeds for 12 hours combinations; the individual test detected the least physiological quality batch, and it was possible to perform it in 24 hours.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i2.16274

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