Evaluation of the Non-destructive Method Efficiency of Estimating Nitrogen Content in Jambu Plants Grown in Hydroponic System

Italo Marlone Gomes Sampaio, Mário Lopes da Silva Júnior, Erika da Silva Chagas, Ricardo Falesi Palha de Moraes Bittencourt, Vivian Christine Nascimento Costa, Dandara Lima de Souza, Washington Aleksander Savaris dos Santos, Bruno José Brito Teixeira

Abstract


Jambu is considered a leafy vegetable with expressive relevance in the regions that compose the Brazilian Amazon. However, there are challenges regarding its cultivation, particularly for the nutritional management, since there is little technical information that allows an increase in the efficiency of its production. In this sense, nitrogen (N) gains prominence, since it is related to the increased yield and quality of leafy vegetables, therefore its monitoring of N content in plants is necessary. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of using the SPAD index to estimate the N content of jambu leaves, total chlorophyll concentration, as well as its relationship with dry mass accumulation due to the increase of nitrogen concentration in the nutrient solution. The design used was completely randomized with eight replications. The treatments were six nitrogen concentrations in the nutrient solution (11, 13, 15, 17, 19 and 21 mmol L). After 21 days of transplantation, the SPAD index was measured. Then, these plants were collected to quantify the total chlorophyll, dry mass and nitrogen content. In general, the variables were explained by increasing linear models. There was a positive correlation between the SPAD index and the other characteristics evaluated. Based on the results, the best response at the concentration of 21 mmol Lin the nutrient solution stands out. In addition, the SPAD index has potential to be used in the diagnosis of nitrogen status in jambu leaves.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i2.16380

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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