Behavior of Soil Chemical Attributes in Field-Forest Succession in Southern Amazonas

Maria Clécia Gomes Sales, Elilson Gomes de Brito Filho, Milton César Costa Campos, José Maurício da Cunha, Guilherme Abadia Silva, Elyenayra Nogueira Pinheiro, Douglas Marcelo Pinheiro da Silva, Flávio Pereira de Oliveira, Fernando Gomes de Souza

Abstract


The use of geostatistical methods in the identification of the size and structure of the spatial variability of soil chemical attributes has been a very important tool in the evaluation and behavior of soil attributes. This research aimed to evaluate the spatial variability of chemical attributes in natural field and forest areas, in the Humaitá region (AM). In these areas, meshes with dimensions of 70 m x 70 m were established at regular intervals of 10 minutes in the 0.0-0.2 m layers, totaling 64 samples per layer. It was determined: soil pH, phosphorus (P), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), aluminum (Al3+) and potential acidity (H++Al3+). Base saturation (V%) and sum of bases (SB) were calculated. The data were evaluated by descriptive statistics and spatial dependence analysis, based on the best models and semivariograms adjustment. The chemical attributes are spatially dependent, they present random distribution of ideal sample spacing, considering that the variables that showed dependence were adjusted to the exponential and spherical model. Geostatistic was presented as an appropriate tool, providing information that allows the understanding of the spatial distribution. The degree of dependence was strong and moderate. The highest reaches were recorded in the natural field area.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i3.16846

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Paper Submission E-mail: jas@macrothink.org

Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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