Evaluation of Application Frequency and Levels of Nitrogen on Cactus Pear

Keuven dos Santos Nascimento, Ricardo Loiola Edvan, Nayrlon de Sampaio Gomes, Rafael Felippe Ratke, Chrislanne Barreira de Macêdo Carvalho

Abstract


The objective of this study was to evaluate the agronomic characteristics of Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dick under different frequencies and levels of nitrogen application (N). Three nitrogen fertilizer application frequencies (1 time year-1, 6 times year-1 and 12 times year-1) and four nitrogen levels (0, 100, 200 and 400 kg of N ha-1 year-1) were evaluated one year after the planting, in a randomized blocks design with 12 replications. There was no interaction (P>0.05) between application frequencies and nitrogen levels. The number of cladodes, and the green and dry forage mass yields of the cactus pear were higher with the application frequency of 6 times year-1, presenting 18.4 ± 2.0 cladodes per plant, 151.0 ± 17.8 and 9.8 ± 1.0 t ha-1, respectively. The yield doubled with the application of 400 kg N ha-1, when compared to the treatment with no nitrogen application. With the nitrogen application frequency of 1 time year-1 the crude protein and neutral detergent fiber contents were higher, presenting 4.0 ± 0.1% and 33.8 ± 0.5%, respectively. When nitrogen is applied 6 times year-1 it provides higher growth and yield, but lower protein and fiber contents. The level 400 kg N ha-1 provides higher yield and lower nitrogen use efficiency.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i3.17070

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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