Agronomic Performance and Heterosis in Common Bean Genotypes

Valvenarg Pereira da Silva, Marco Antonio Aparecido Barelli, Rafhael Felipin-Azevedo, Juliana Parisotto Poletine, Cristiani Santos Bernini

Abstract


The agronomic performance and heterosis of common bean genotypes were evaluated using the diallel cross between two cultivars IPR Uirapuru and IPR Campos Gerais and five local varieties BGU-1, BGU-7, BGU-13, BGU-36 and BGU-36 and its 21 possible diallel hybrids. The treatments were evaluated under greenhouse conditions in a randomized block design with ten replications, at the Empresa Mato-Grossense de Pesquisa, Assistência e Extensão Rural (EMPAER), in the county of Cáceres, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The characteristics were evaluated: average number of days for emergence, number of days for flowering, average height of insertion of the first pod, average final height of plants, average stem diameter, average longitudinal length of pods, average total number of pods per plant, average number of seeds per pod, average number of seeds per plant, average weight of seeds and grain production. Based on the set of analysis performed and the characteristics evaluated, it can be concluded that for the increase in production the combinations composed by the parents IPR Uirapuru × BGU-1, IPR Uirapuru × BGU-6, BGU-7 × BGU-1, BGU -7 × BGU-36, BGU-1 × BGU-36, BGU-25 x BGU-36 and BGU-13 × BGU-36 showed positive

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i4.17329

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