Valorization of Agro-Industrial By-products: Use of Rice Husk as a Source of Microorganisms to Denitrification of Water

Jair Juarez João, José Luiz Vieira, Marcos Henrique Luciano Silveira, Cristiane Silvano Wensing, Paulo Cesar de Jesus, Endler Marcel Borges

Abstract


Rice husk, which is an agricultural waste, provides a feasible alternative for the growth and propagation of denitrifying microorganisms. Nitrate and nitrite were removed using Immobilized Microorganisms (MOIM) or Microorganisms in Solution (MOSO). Microorganisms present in the rice husk biomass responsible for denitrification were identified as Pseudomonas, and other microorganisms have also been identified, as Oerskovia spp. Enterococcus sp. Bacillus mycoides and Escherichia coli. The influence of pH, temperature, C/N ratio and carbon source on biological denitrification were investigated. MOIM and MOSO consortium had optimal denitrifying performance at 25-30 °C and in pH 7-8. MOSO has average denitrification efficiency larger than MOIM. The MOIM denitrification efficiency was more sensitive to pH changes than the MOSO. Ethanol and sodium acetate were carbon sources for the denitrifying process. The efficiency of nitrate and nitrite removal using MOSO and ethanol or acetate with 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 and 1:4 C/N ratios were equivalents and above 97.00%. The denitrifying process presented was robust and it presented nitrate removal close to 100% during 10 cycles.


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i4.17624

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jair Juarez João, José Luiz Vieira, Marcos Henrique Luciano Silveira, Cristiane Silvano Wensing, Paulo Cesar de Jesus, Endler Marcel Borges

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

E-mail: jas@macrothink.org

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.