Precipitation Patterns and Rainfall Erosivity Return Period Under Savanna Conditions in Formosa, Goiás, Brazil

Aline Franciel de Andrade, Roriz Luciano Machado, Cássia Cristina Rezende, Elizabete Alves Ferreira, Murilo Alceu de Águas, Vladia Correchel, Daniel Fonseca de Carvalho

Abstract


Losses of soil and nutrients affect a large part of agricultural areas in tropical regions, regardless of the level of technology adopted. This study evaluated the physical attributes and erosivity indices associated with rainfall patterns and return periods in the region of Formosa, State of Goiás, Brazil. Using series of pluviographic (2002-2008) and pluviometric (1975-1998), the erosive potential (EI30 and KE>25), rainfall patterns (advanced, intermediate and delayed) and the erosivity associated with the rainfall return periods were determined. The average annual rainfall of the region was 1,391.6 mm with 87.4% of the rains concentrated in October to March. The average annual values of EI30 and KE>25 corresponded to 8,041.6 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 year-1 and 125.7 MJ ha-1 year-1, respectively. The months of the year did not differ based on rainfall pattern. The advanced hydrological pattern had the highest frequency of occurrence, followed by the delayed and intermediate patterns. The highest EI30 and KE>25 indices for individual rainfall seasons occurred under the intermediate and the advanced patterns in February and under the intermediate pattern in October for the index KE>25. The average annual erosivity index (R factor of USLE) (8,041.6 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 year-1) is expected to occur at least once every 1.89 years, corresponding to a probability of occurrence of 52.84%. The average annual values of EI30 estimated for the return periods of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 years were 8,230, 10,225, 10,889, 11,222, 11,421 and 11,488 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 year-1, respectively.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i4.17837

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Copyright (c) 2020 Aline Franciel de Andrade, Roriz Luciano Machado, Cássia Cristina Rezende, Elizabete Alves Ferreira, Daniel Fonseca de Carvalho, Murilo Alceu de Águas, Vladia Correchel

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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