The Effects of Learning Model and Achievement Motivation on Natural Science Learning Outcomes of Students at State Islamic Elementary Schools in Medan, Indonesia

Wahyudin Nur Nasution

Abstract


The research aimed to study the effects of learning model and achievement motivation on natural science learning outcomes. It was a 2 x 2 factorial experimental design. The research was conducted at two state Islamic elementary schools in Medan, Indonesia, namely: Medan Tembung State Islamic Elementary School and Medan Sunggal State Islamic Elementary School. Samples in the research were 60 students at the two schools. Data in the research was collected by using an achievement motivation scale and a learning outcome test. Then, the collected data was analyzed by using a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The research found that (1) natural science learning outcomes of students who were taught by using a cooperative learning model were higher than those of students who were taught by using a direct instruction model; (2) natural science learning outcomes of students with high achievement motivation who were taught by using a cooperative learning model were higher than those of students with high achievement motivation who were taught by using a direct instruction model; (3) natural science learning outcomes of students with low achievement motivation who were taught by using a direct instruction model were higher than those of students with low achievement motivation who were taught by using a cooperative learning model and; (4) there was an interaction between learning model and achievement motivation and its effects on natural science learning outcomes.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jet.v4i2.11144

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