Managerial Competency Models: A Critical Review and Proposed Holistic-Domain Model
Major generic managerial competency models located in the literature capture business skills, intra–personal skills, interpersonal skills, and leadership skills as important competencies for effective performance. However, while these competencies are necessary for effective managerial performance, the models do not emphasize career and mentoring skills as important managerial competencies, although conceptual and empirical evidence suggest that they are important for managerial effectiveness. This leaves a gap in managerial competency literature, that is lack of comprehensive and holistic model that captures the key competencies.This paper provides evidence on this gap in the literature by reviewing key competency models :behavioural; functional; job competency; holistic; multi-dimensional; and domain model. It provides evidence on the relevance of career and mentoring skills to managerial effectiveness. The paper then proposes holistic-domain model which appears more comprehensive compared to other models located in extant literature as, in addition to business, intra–personal, interpersonal and leadership skills, it integrates career and mentoring skills.
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