Anti-Corruption Policies in Mongolia

Urangoo Khash-Erdene, Julak Lee

Abstract


Since the 1990s, when Mongolia has transited to democracy and market economy, which began to reform all parts of society, corruption has become a serious issue. Though corruption does not trigger a fear like violent crimes, it is a very dangerous phenomenon that spreads all sectors of society in a hidden way, and there is no particular victim of corruption, but the society.

Nowadays, the main obstacle to socio-economic growth in developing countries is corruption. Therefore, it is essential to know the nature, causes, characteristics, and structures of corruption in order to develop and implement an effective anti-corruption program.

There is a need to fight against political and high-level corruption in Mongolia, as a country developing nation’s economy based on the mining sector. This article looks at the corruption situation in Mongolia, its factors, causes and methods, the results of surveys on anti-corruption activities in Mongolia, and the nation’s experience in fighting corruption.

The article compares, summarizes and analyses studies the reports conducted by the Independent Authority Against Corruption of Mongolia, a nationwide survey on Perceptions and Knowledge of Corruption in Mongolia 2017, and other works of research institutions, and analysts.

Corruption as a pressing issue of Mongolian society remains a cause for concern at both the administrative and elite levels paralyzing Mongolian decision making. The enforcement of anti-corruption policies is itself marred by corrupt practices and threats of mutual exposure.

There is an increasing need to educate the public and to propagate the view of zero-tolerance for corruption and bribery throughout the society. Also it is essential to increase transparency in political activities, and the willingness of politicians in fighting against corruption.


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References


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Independent Authority against Corruption of Mongolia. (2016), Introduction of overall state of corruption and implementation of anti-corruption legislations. Survey Report.

Independent Authority against Corruption of Mongolia (2017). Perception of corruption in political institutions and law enforcement 2016. Survey Report.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v8i2.13120

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Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

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