The Organization of Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction for the Earthquake and Tsunami in Bengkulu Province

Sri Indarti, Sri Suwitri, Ir. Suharyanto, . Kismartini

Abstract


Bengkulu province is located on the West Coast of Sumatra island, where a number of 7 out of 10 District/City of Bengkulu province is located in the coastal area. Vulnerability to earthquake, tsunami and Goro (tsunami) increases with the Bengkulu position has a complex geological structure because it is on the collision of two massive tectonic plates that is the Indo-Australia plate in the South and North of Eurosia marked with examples of tectonic earthquake centers on Enggano Islands, Laish and surrounding areas. Vulnerability is also due to the presence of a buffer is not yet a strong news/good natural fortification of mangrove, beach and spruce beach tree nor adequate breakwater. The research method is qualitative, which focuses on the research field. Data collection is done by observation, interview and documentation, research analysis conducted using an interactive model of Miles and Huberman, the validity of the data refer to the criteria of kredibitas Moleong with the validity of the analysis methodology policies from Dunn that focuses on triangulation, and with rolling according to needs also techniques utilizing of the other validity. The results showed that there are some PRBBK implementers such as BPBD with the village of Tough Social Service disaster, through disaster preparedness, Kampong program health services of villages program with active standby, PMI with the community-based disaster preparedness program (KBBM) and PRBBK along with Public Interest Group. The organization development of the upcoming PRBBK on needs to be improved by optimizing the role of each stakeholder and partnership organizer who combined with leadership, coordination by BPBD Province in which the head of the BPBD province (ex officio) is the Secretary of the County that has the authority to divide the Echelon task and coordinating the PRBBK.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v4i2.10970

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Journal of Social Science Studies ISSN 2329-9150

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