The Effects of Increased Workloads on Online Instruction

Georgianna Ravenna


The workload increase for California State University instructors has been significant, as has
been the reduction in resources and support. Online instructors are facing the same set of
circumstances as their campus-based peers, yet the impact of said circumstances has not been
fully realized. Still most instructors want to do be effective in their teaching practices and
will do what it takes to facilitate student learning. This paper examines the impact of budget
cuts on online instructors, including increases in online class sizes and loss of student
–instructor interaction. The research is clear regarding the importance of interaction in
relation to academic success; however, it is mixed with regard to optimal online class size.
The author suggests strategies to maintain teaching effectiveness during the current crisis by
increasing interaction through the use of small group discussions, the use of facilitators, etc.

Full Text:



Copyright (c) 2012 Georgianna Ravenna

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Education ISSN 1948-5476


Copyright © Macrothink Institute 

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.