Tanzania Graduate Employability: Perception of Human Resource Management Practitioners

Kelvin M Mwita


Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s) produce many qualified graduates in different fields of study annually but almost half of them become frustrated or desolate because they cannot secure jobs in the labour market and some have huge student loans to settle. Moreover, Tanzania education stakeholders have been arguing that the education offered is not adequately geared to integrate the individual into the strong competitive labour markets. The study used a sample of 100 human resource practitioners to assess their perception of Tanzania graduate employability. It was found that HR practitioners consider Tanzania graduate as average. It has been found that 52.6% of Human Resource practitioners disagree that Tanzania graduate quality is improving. Additionally 56.6 % believe that Tanzania graduate are not competent enough to compete for jobs in the East African labour market. The study recommends various measures to be taken by higher learning institutions, regulatory bodies, policy makers and students themselves.

Full Text:



British Council. (2014). Can Higher Education Solve Africa’s Job Crisis? Understanding Graduate Employability in Sub-Saharan Africa. British Council.

Fáilte, I. (2013). Recruitment and Selection: A Guide to Help You Review Your Existing Approach to Recruitment and Selection. Fáilte Ireland: Dublin.

Istoroyekti, Y. (2016). Issues Challenging Universities: A Case of Tanzanian Higher Education. Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies, 3(1), 51-62. https://doi.org/10.26555/adjes.v3i1.3625

Kinash, S., Crane, L., Knight, C., Dowling, D., Mitchell, K., McLean, M., & Schulz, M. (June, 2014). Global graduate employability research: A report to the Business20 Human Capital Taskforce (DRAFT). Gold Coast, QLD Australia: Bond University.

Lowden, K., Hall, S., Elliot, D., & Lewin, J. (2011). Employers’ Perceptions of the Employability Skills of New Graduates. Edge Foundation, London.

Marginson, S. (2015). Rethinking education, work and ‘employability’: Foundational problems of Human Capital Theory. Paper presented at SRHE conference, Newport, Wales, 9 December 2015.

Mbise, E. R. (2014). The employability of business schools’ graduates in the labour market in Tanzania: An exploratory study. International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, 1(13), 562-576.

Merwer, A. (2010). Does Human Capital Theory Explain The Value Of Higher Education? A South African Case Study. American Journal of Business Education, 3(1), 107-118.

Mubanga, C. B. (2014). Locals versus Foreigners: The Simmering Discontent of Employment of Foreigners in Tanzania. A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of The Degree of Master of Laws the Open University of Tanzania.

Nganga, G. (2014). Survey finds most East African graduates ‘half-baked’. http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20140523130246934

Paadi, K. (2014). Perceptions on Employability Skills Necessary to Enhance Human Resource Management Graduates Prospects of Securing a Relevant Place in the Labour Market. European Scientific Journal. Special Edition, 129-143.

Pitan, O. S. (2017) Towards Enhancing University Graduate Employability in Nigeria. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 7(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/09766634.2016.11885696

Pool, L. D., & Sewell, P. (2007). The key to Employability: Developing a Practical Model of Graduate Employability. Emerald, 49(4), 277-289.

Prisca, N. (2016). Education-job mismatch among university graduates in Cameroon: The Perspectives of Graduates in the Field of Humanities. Master’s thesis in Development Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo.

Santiago, P., Tremblay, K., Basri, E., & Arnal, E. (2008b) Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society (vol. 1: Special features: Governance, Funding, Quality). Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264063518-hu

Suneela, E. R. (2014). Soft Skills are Employability Skills; With Special Reference to Communication Skills. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19(8), 59-61. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-19845961

Yorke, M. (2006). Employability in higher education: what it is – what it is not. Learning and Employability Series 1. The Higher Education Academy: Heslington

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v8i2.12921

Copyright (c) 2018 Kelvin Mwita

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Human Resource Studies  ISSN 2162-3058

Email: ijhrs@macrothink.org

Copyright © Macrothink Institute  

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.