Combining Tier 2 and Tier 3 Supports for Students with Disabilities in General Education Settings

K. Sandra MacLeod, Leanne S. Hawken, Robert E. O'Neill, Kaitlin Bundock


Secondary level or Tier 2 interventions such as the Check-in Check-out (CICO) intervention effectively reduce problem behaviors of students who are non-responsive to school-wide interventions. However, some students will not be successful with Tier 2 interventions. This study investigated the effects of adding individualized function-based support for four students with disabilities who were not successful in general education settings while receiving only a secondary level intervention. Results indicated that the combination of secondary and individualized function-based interventions effectively decreased problem behavior for all participants. Teachers and students rated the interventions as acceptable and effective. Research and practice implications are discussed.

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Copyright (c) 2016 K. Sandra MacLeod, Leanne S. Hawken, Robert E. O'Neill, Kaitlin Bundock

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Educational Issues  ISSN 2377-2263


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