Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps): Its Effect on the Academic Performance of Student-Beneficiaries in Calaba National High School in the Philippines

Marc Jon S Flores, Christine Alaine B Espinoza, Harold C Enrico, Rosemarie R Casimiro


This study measured and evaluated the effect of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) on the academic performance of the student-beneficiaries of Calaba National High School, Calaba, San Isidro, Nueva Ecija in the Philippines. Survey questionnaires were distributed to ninety five 4Ps student beneficiaries who were purposively selected based on the following criteria: 4Ps beneficiary, enrolled in Calaba National High School at the time of data gathering, and willingness to participate in the study. Analysis of all collected data revealed the significant effect of the program to the performance of student beneficiaries especially in motivating students to attend classes. The result also supports Vroom’s Expectancy Theory which assumes that the students’ efforts, performance, and behavior are influenced by the importance they place on the desired outcome. In this case, to satisfy the conditionalities and remain eligible for the cash grant which have positive effect on the socio-economic status of their family. Based on the findings, it is therefore recommended that the scope of the program be extended especially that two years have been added to the secondary education; livelihood programs be intensified to provide family-beneficiaries with additional income; and for the concerned agencies and authorities to review the existing budget and disbursement schemes to prevent delay in the release of grants. The increase in the school attendance of students and the diminished drop-out rate indicates the program’s positive effect on the lives of the beneficiaries.  

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Copyright (c) 2019 Marc Jon Santiago Flores, Rosemarie Riguer Casimiro

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