Consumption of Energy and Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network

Ridha Azizi


Extend the life of a wireless sensor network (WSN) is a fundamental challenge, as they have a limited supply. Multiple protocols and approaches have been proposed to minimize power consumption. Routing protocols and especially the hierarchical approach is one of the techniques used to minimize energy consumption and to improve the duration of network life. In this paper we propose a new approach to transfer and select the CH (Cluster Head). ART-LEACH (Advanced Routing Transfer- Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy) is a self-organizing protocol based on clustering. Our approach is to use energy more evenly the selected nodes as CH. We evaluated the performance of LEACH (Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy) and IB-LEACH (Improved and Balanced Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy) protocol with the proposed new approach using MATLAB as a simulation tool. The simulation results showed that our proposal provides a reduction in energy consumption and increase the duration of network life.


wireless sensor networks, routing protocol; clustering techniques LEACH; IB-LEACH; energy optimization

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