An Investigation of Collegiate Students’ Motivation and Its Impact on Attitude for Learning English as a Second Language at Government Degree College Mehar

Mumtaz Ali Khokhar, Shoukat Ali Lohar


Motivation is a great stimuli for learning (Schmid, Palminteri, Lafargue, & Pessiglione, 2010) and learning a second language involves integrative and instrumental motivation (Curral & Marques- Quenterio, 2009). Influences of motivation in interior Sindh, Pakistan, speak volumes of factors. This study investigates the motivation of collegiate students at Government Degree College Mehar for learning English as a second language. Furthermore, to know the factors instrumental or integrative that motivated students for learning English language, the quantitative design was employed to conduct the research. The questionnaire encompasses 20 close ended items which were adapted from Gardener’s AMTB. The questionnaire is based on 5 point Likert scale, and the data were collected from 180 participants at Government Degree College Mehar. Data were analyzed through SPSS. The findings reveal that highest mean of the item number (1) is (4.73) and it reflects participants are instrumentally motivated whereas they are less integrative motivated. The parental influence has also shown positive results. As it is evident from the item number (11) that excelled in mean of the above item as (4.21). The parental encouragement has boosted the interest as well as confidence of the children for learning English language. The students’ over all attitude for learning English language is found greater in the mean item number (9) as (4.42) which all support that instrumental motivation plays major role for learning English at Government Degree College Mehar. The study recommends that functional and practical courses should be added in syllabi to enable students to achieve their instrumental aim and objectives.

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