Analytical Causative Constructions in Batak Toba Language

Srisofian Sianturi, . Mulyadi

Abstract


This study aims to examine analytical causative constructions in Batak Toba Language (BTL). Every language has a way to construct the causative construction. This study is qualitative research and the researcher functioned as the key instrument and the data obtained and analyzed were qualitative. Data analyzed were obtained from the speakers of BTL as well as from written text, through observation, interview, and introspection. The interview included asking questions and elicitating the data by the researcher. The results showed that the analytical causative constructions in BTL are marked by the verbs mambahen, manuru, mandasdasi, manarea, mangarodi, mamompom, mangido, and manjalo. Empirical evidence revealed that the analytical causative construction in BTL tends to have S-V-V-O and S-V-O-V word order. Data analysis shows that the use of complex sentences with two clauses can be coupled in one sentence. The semantic meaning of causative verb in each sentence was different when the verb is attached to intentional feature sangajo. The study concludes that the analytical causative construction in BTL is formed by bi-clausal structure.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/elr.v6i1.16067

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Education and Linguistics Research  ISSN 2377-1356

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