Do Intermediate Monolinguals and Bilinguals Use Different Learning Strategies?
This study investigated the difference between Iranian monolingual and bilingual language learners with intermediate level of language proficiency in terms of language learning strategies. The participants of this study were 50 students who were randomly selected from some universities in Golestan province. There were 25 monolinguals (Persian speakers) and 25 bilinguals (Turkmen-Persian speakers). The findings revealed that bilinguals had an advantage over monolinguals in terms of using strategies. They used more cognitive and metacognitive strategies. Moreover, the findings showed that bilinguals and monolinguals had a little different preference in using strategies. Bilinguals used metacognitive, social, cognitive, affective, compensation and memory strategies, respectively, while monolinguals used metacognitive, cognitive, social, affective, compensation and memory strategies, respectively.
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