Inhibitory effects of Launaea taraxacifolia and Strychnos spinosa leaves extract on an isolated digestive enzyme linked to type -2 -diabetes mellitus

Michael Buenor Adinortey, Justice Kwabena Sarfo, Cynthia Ayefoumi Adinortey, Eric Gyamerah Ofori, Jeffrey Kwarteng, Justice Afrifa, Fobi Adjei Owusu

Abstract


Background: The most prevalent type of diabetes mellitus (Type-2), is managed using many approaches, including the lowering of postprandial hyperglycaemia. Inhibition of key enzymes involved in carbohydrate breakdown such as α-glucosidase and α-amylase has been reported as a novel strategy to delay the absorption of glucose after meals. This study sought to determine the in vitro inhibitory potential of Launaea taraxacifolia and Strychnos spinosa leaf extracts on α-glucosidase enzyme and also determine their modes of inhibiting the enzyme.

Materials and Methods: Plant extracts were prepared using soxhlet apparatus. Inhibitory effect of extracts at different concentrations and mode of inhibition were carried out using α-glucosidase enzyme isolated from the small intestine of a guinea pig. Results: Extracts of Launaea taraxacifolia (LTE) and Strychnos spinosa (SSE) leaves showed α-glucosidase inhibitory potential of approximately 69 % and 79 % respectively as compared to 73 % for standard drug-acarbose at a maximum concentration of 1000 μg/mL. The IC50 values recorded were 205.2±0.044 μg/mL, 129.4±0.094 μg/mL and 196.9±0.036 μg/mL for LTE, SSE and acarbose respectively. The Lineweaver Burk plot showed an uncompetitive mode of inhibition for both LTE and SSE as depicted by the lower Km and Vmax of enzyme inhibited by extracts compared to control. Conclusion: Extracts of Launaea taraxacifolia and Strychnos spinosa leaves showed significant inhibitory effect on an isolated intestinal α-glucosidase enzyme in an uncompetitive mode


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jbls.v9i2.12649

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Michael Buenor Adinortey, Justice Kwabena Sarfo, Cynthia Ayefoumi Adinortey, Eric Gyamerah Ofori, Jeffrey Kwarteng, Justice Afrifa, Fobi Adjei Owusu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Biology and Life Science  ISSN 2157-6076

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.