Analysis of the ABO and RH (D) Blood Groups Among Third Year Integrated Science Education Students of the University of Education, Winneba

C. K. Koomson, C. Owusu-Fordjour, M. Afari-Baidoo, C. A. Biritwum

Abstract


The objective of this study is to get an information about the distribution of ABO and Rhesus blood group, among the Education students of the University of Education, Winneba. Also it is a need for routine screening for hemolysin among blood group O, if found to be high, as well as to institute donor registry for Rhesus negative blood group, if found to be low. Records of ABO and Rhesus blood grouped results of students were screened in November 2019. Data were analyzed by the use of the software Epi info, version 5.3.4. Descriptive statistics were used to compute percentages and averages. Results are presented in tables and charts, and expressed as percentages/ proportions, and means. One hundred and sixty-six results were obtained, made up of 132 males and 34 females. Among the population studied, blood group O had the highest frequency, 93 (56%), followed by blood group A, 39 (23.5%), then B, 29 (17.5%), while AB had the least frequency, 5 (3%). Most of students were found to be Rhesus positive (92.2%) while Rhesus negative were only 7.8%. Blood group O was found to be highest among the study population followed by A, B and AB in that order. Most of the students were found to be Rhesus positive while only a few were Rhesus negative. Routine screening for hemolysin among blood group O and institution of donor registry is recommended.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jbls.v11i2.16853

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Copyright (c) 2020 Charles Kwesi Koomson

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Journal of Biology and Life Science  ISSN 2157-6076

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