Non-numerical Distance and Size Effects in an Ant

Marie-Claire Cammaerts, Roger Cammaerts

Abstract


The distance effect (the fact that the individuals’ discrimination between two similar elements increases with the magnitude of the distance between them) as well as the size effect (the fact that the individuals’ discrimination between two similar elements decreases with the size of these elements) have been largely reported in vertebrates but not in invertebrates. Here, we demonstrate their existence in an ant, using operant conditioning to visual cues (black circles) of different dimensions. The two effects were obvious and differed from one another. Both effects could be accounted for Weber’s law, but it was here not tempted to verify if they are in line with this law by defining the just noticeable difference the ants can perceive between the cues.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jbls.v11i2.16895

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Copyright (c) 2020 Marie-Claire Cammaerts, Roger Cammaerts

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Journal of Biology and Life Science  ISSN 2157-6076

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