Journal of Management Research

Journal of Management Research is an online journal, peer-reviewed and published by Macrothink Institute. The journal publishes papers in business, management, marketing, finance, organizational development, corporation administration, human resource management and relevant subjects.

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JMR follows APA style.


Author Guidelines

1. Authors must ensure that their papers are free of spelling and grammatical errors and typos.

2. Research papers and research notes should not exceed 8,000 and 3,000 words, respectively.

3. The first page of an article should contain the title of the paper, name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s) and an abstract not exceeding 200 words.

4. The first page should also contain five key words according to the Classification System for Journal Articles as used by the Journal of Economic Literature.

5. Equations in the text should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals within simple brackets and aligned against the right margin.

6. All appendices should be numbered consecutively using upper case roman numerals and shown before the list of references.

7. When formulae displayed have been derived by the author, the full derivations should be given on separate sheets (not to be published) for the information of the referees.

8. References should be cited within the text as follows: According to Wickremasinghe (2005), foreign exchange market … These results are inconsistent with those of other studies (Perera, 1995; Silva, 2000)

9. List of references should show each citation in alphabetical order.

10. Author should register with the journal before submitting manuscripts. Don't forget to choose "author when you register in for uploading your manuscript succefully online.

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12. DOIs in ReferencesWhen the cited items have DOIs, the authors should add DOI persistent links to the regular references The persistent links should be active.Format of persistent link: (without “doi:”)Example of persistent link: authors may retrieve articles’ DOIs at:



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Notice for Price Adjustment

Effective 1 January 2013, the publication fee will increase from 100.00USD to 200.00USD. Manuscripts submitted on or after this date will be charged the new rate of 200.00USD per article.
Manuscripts submitted in 2012 can take advantage of the old rate (100.00USD) if paid on or before January 31, 2013.
All 2012’s manuscripts unpaid by 31 January 2013 will be charged the new rate of 200.00USD.
Thank you very much for your cooperation.
Posted: 2012-11-20 More...

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Journal of Management Research welcome papers in business, management, marketing, finance, organizational development, corporation administration, human resource management and relevant subjects.  
Posted: 2008-04-25 More...

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Vol 7, No 2 (2015)


It is our pleasure to edit this special issue of Journal of Management Research putting together the accepted papers that were presented at the Global Conference on Business and Social Science held on 15th and 16th of December 2014 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


GCBSS2014 received a large number of abstracts for presentations, many of which were of a high quality. As a result, the selection panel had to make decisions with a considerable care. We are grateful to the authors for their enthusiasm, and to the reviewers for their painstaking work. Some of the accepted papers were selected for publication in the Global Journal of Business & Social Science Review, an internationally refereed journal published by the Global Academy of Training & Research, the leading organizer of this conference.


The Conference provided a platform for sharing valuable ideas and inspiring research outcomes of the academics from different countries, including the USA, UK, Australia, Czech Republic, France, Finland, Poland, Malaysia, Iran, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, and the UAE. It was also attended by two prominent keynote speakers: Professor Danture Wickramasinghe, University of Glasgow, UK and Professor Gabriël A Moens, Curtin University, Australia – we are grateful to them for their invaluable contribution.


We hope this conference will contribute to a meaningful paradigm shift in business and social science research, in general, and the delegates’ career development, in particular.


Finally, we would like to thank everybody who cooperated in many ways to the success of the conference, especially to session chairs and the members of the organizing committee.



Guest Editors:

Professor Dr. Danture Wickramasinghe, Professor of Accounting & Finance, University of                      Glasgow, UK

Professor Dr. Nadir Ali Kolachi, Professor of Management & HRD, Skyline University, University City of Sharjah, UAE

Dr. Kashan Pirzada*, CEO & Founder, Global Academy of Training & Research (GATR Enterprise), Malaysia.


* Corresponding editor. Tel.: +60322011665.

E-mail address:

Table of Contents


Risk-Based Capital Framework: Conventional vs. Takaful Operators PDF
Aida Yuzi Yusof, Wee-Yeap Lau, Ahmad Farid Osman 1-9
The Effect of Brand Personality and Brand Satisfaction on Brand Loyalty: A Conceptual Paper PDF
Alireza Roustasekehravani, Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid, Ali Abdul Hamid 10-26
Technology Management Competencies and Job Satisfaction of Pakistani University Librarians: An Empirical Assessment of Relationship PDF
Asad Khan, Mohamad Noorman Masrek, Fuziah Mohd Nadzar 27-45
Myanmar in India’s Intertwined Idealism – Realism Foreign Policy: A ‘Modified Structuralism’ Perspective PDF
Azman Ayob 46-54
Design Implications: Impact of Socio-Physical Setting on Public Housing Transformation in Nigeria PDF
Abubakar Danladi Isah, Tareef Hayat Khan, Abdullah Sani bn Ahmad 55-70
Abuse of the Malaysian Elderly: An Analysis on the Adequacy and Suitability of the Domestic Violence Act 1994 (Act 521) to Protect the Elderly Victim PDF
Asiah Bidin, Jal Zabdi Mohd Yusoff 71-81
Can Intellectual Capital of SMEs Help in Their Sustainability Efforts PDF
Chaudhry Shoaib Akhtar, Kamariah Ismail, M. A. Ndaliman, Jawad Hussain, Maqsood Haider 82-97
Empowering Teaching, Learning, and Supervision PDF
Norasmah Othman, Chia Swee Yee 98-108
Small French Wineries’ Export Strategies to China PDF
Michele Ambaye 109-120
The Extent of Accounting Ethics Education for Bachelor Students in Jordanian Universities PDF
Belal Abu Anzeh, Suzan Abed 121-143
Favourable Prototypes in the Ordering System at Coffee Houses in South India – A Customer Retention Strategy PDF
Vazeerjan Begum 144-151
Implementation Analysis of Lecturer’s Pedagogical Competence on Student’s Academic Achievement PDF
Eriana Astuty 152-168
Cybercrime over Internet Love Scams in Malaysia: A Discussion on the Theoretical Perspectives, Connecting Factors and Keys to the Problem PDF
Ahmad Safwan Hamsi, Farrah Diana Saiful Bahry, Siti Noraini Mohd Tobi, Maslin Masrom 169-181
Towards Developing a Conceptual Framework of Environmentally Significant Behaviour PDF
Chua Kean Boon, Farzana Quoquab 182-189
Barriers to the Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Secondary Schools: Teacher’s Perspective PDF
Ch. V. V. S. N. V. Prasad, P. Lalitha, P. V. N. Srikar 190-208
The Formation of Malaysia: Advancing the Theses of Decolonization and Competing Expansionist Nationalisms PDF
D. S. Ranjit Singh 209-217
An Audit Remark on Malaysian Local Authorities Immovable Asset Management PDF
Nur Berahim, Mohd Nadzri Jaafar, Ainur Zaireen Zainudin 218-228
Review on Issues and Problems of Transferring Felda Land Ownership PDF
Nohafizah Arifin, Khadijah Hussin 229-240
Pirated Software: The Relationship between Factors PDF
Norizan Anwar, Farrah Diana Saiful Bahry, Noraizan Amran 241-251
Gauging Food Allergy Knowledge among Hospitality Students PDF
Norrina Bt Din, Basri Rashid, Kamal Izzuwan Ramli 252-265
Conceptions of Mathematics among Diploma in Actuarial Science Students PDF
Roselah Osman, Nik Azis Nik Pa 266-273
Local Perceptions towards Tourism Impacts Related to Homestay Programme PDF
Sharon Esther Donny Sita, Nor Ashikin Mohd Nor, Sharon Esther Donny Sita 274-285
Peer Relationship Satisfaction, Self-Efficacy, and Adolescents’ Suicidal Ideation in Selangor, Malaysia PDF
Wu Shin Ling, Siti Nor Yaacob 286-294
Rationalizing the Limitation of Passive Students through Contextual Teaching PDF
Siti Aminah Harun, Janatun Naim Yusof, Amalina Ibrahim, Nurdalila Abdullah 295-303
Migrant Consumers’ Attitudes towards Homeland Products PDF
Siti Z. Sahak, Andrew J. Newman, Mirella Yani-de-Soriano 304-316
The Study of Organization Development and Regional Bank Changing in Indonesia PDF
Sitti Raha Agoes Salim, Yulinda Yulinda, Khaira Amalia Fachrudin 317-328
Outlier Impacts in Stock Pricing PDF
Jianlong Wang, Saiful Hafizah Jaaman, Humaida Banu Samsudin 329-342
The Perception of Corporate Taxpayers’ Compliance Behaviour under Self-assessment System in Nigeria PDF
Lawan Yahaya 343-352
The Use of Pirated Software among Information Professionals: Measuring the Difference PDF
Norizan Anwar, Mohd Mursyiddin Abdul Manaf, Noraizan Amran, Farrah Diana Saiful Bahry 353-363
Parental Attachment, Coping Efficacy and Antisocial Behavior among Adolescents from Divorced Family in Selangor, Malaysia PDF
Siti Nor Yaacob, Farah Azimah Idris, Gan Su Wan 364-374
The Plant Variety Protection Law in Malaysia: Issues on Protection of Farmers’ Rights PDF
Murshamshul Kamariah Musa, Zuhairah Arif Abd Gadas, Mohd Shahril Nizam Md Radzi 375-386
“Domestic Contracts” The Effect of Family Contracts; The Malaysian Law Perspectives PDF
Norliah Ibrahim, Zuhairah Ariff Abd Ghadas, Murshamsul Kamariah Musa 387-399
Internet Service Features and Satisfaction among Internet Banking Users PDF
Adam Ridhuan Abdullah, Nur Syarina Md Som, Azrol Ibrahim, Nooraini M. Sheriff 400-410
Determinants of Customer-Based Retailer Equity: An Empirical Verification Approach from Indian Large Retail Market PDF
Ramulu Bhukya 411-421
Assessing the Relationships between Private Investment, Employment and Output in the Manufacturing Sector in Malaysia PDF
Noor Al-Huda Abdul Karim, Khoo Yin Yin 422-432
An Exploratory Study on Students’ Engagement in Social Studies of Year 7 PDF
Zolkernain Ishak, Dk Yusimah Pg Hj Amjah 433-441
Adding New Vocabulary While Playing Casual Games: Young People in Brunei as a Case Study PDF
Juraidah Musa 442-450
The Effects of Inventive Thinking Programme on Bahasa Melayu Students’ Inventive Thinking Ability and Dispositions PDF
Aliamat Omar Ali 451-458
Accrual Accounting Change: Malaysian Public Sector Readiness PDF
Ruhaya Atan, Faziyatun Mohamed Yahya 459-467
Young Consumers’ Intention Towards Future Green Purchasing in Malaysia PDF
Muhammed Abdullah Sharaf, Filzah Md Isa, Khalid Al-Qasa 468-480
The Use of Dictogloss as an Information Gap Task in Exploiting Dual Application Principle in Learning Irregular Verbs PDF
Sirhajwan Idek, Lee Lai Fong 481-494
Patient Process Flow Improvement: Value Stream Mapping PDF
Siti Haizatul Aishah Haron, Rohaizan Ramlan 495-505
The Effect of the Board of Directors’ Characteristics on Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure by Islamic Banks PDF
Abdullah Awadh Bukair, Azhar Abdul Rahma 506-519
The Influence of Colour on the Malaysia SMEs Logo: The Most Often Selection of Colour PDF
Muh Sarip Abd Rahman, Mohamad Noorman Masrek, Muhamad Abdul Aziz Ab Gani, Ishak Ramli 520-529
Audit Committee and Audit Fees in Malaysia: The Moderating Role of Political Connection PDF
I.K. Norziaton, S.Susela Devi, Chan Wai Meng 530-547
Knowledge Management Model and Instrument for Implementation and Adoption; Perspective of Developing Country PDF
K.M. Idris, K.N. Ali, G. U. Aliagha 548-560
The Factors Affecting Organizational Innovativeness PDF
Napaporn Tuksinnimit, Supol Durongwatana, Pakpachong Vadhanasindhu 561-573
Micro-Economic Determinants of NAV of Islamic Equity Unit Trust Funds in Malaysia: An ARDL-Bounds Tasting Approach PDF
Anwar Hasan Abdullah Othman, Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera, Hasanuddeen Abdul Aziz 574-594

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