Governance, Human Security, Safety and Rule of Law in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic from the Twin Eye of WGI and IIAG

Tunde ABIORO, Tunji DARAMOLA

Abstract


Safety and Rule of Law has been on persistent trial in Nigeria since the independence of 1960 and the return to democratic governance of the republic for the fourth time in 1999 after several military interregnums did not abate the experience. It plays out through attacks on the judicial system, denial of citizens to official information, threats to personal lives as well as civil and domestic armed conflicts among others. The study examines the indicator performance and perception of Nigerian government in Overall Governance (OG) as well as Safety and Rule of Law. It seeks to achieve this through the examination of the World Governance Index (WGI) and Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) data. The data were generated from continental, global and institutional documents. The study found out there is deficit and gap between the government and the citizens with evidence in the negative perception and performance recorded. It thus suggests the strengthening of democratic institutions, enhancement of rule of law, combating corruption, improving social service delivery to lessen the threats of human and national security as well as governmental openness for improved participation, involvement and improved delivery by government across the levels of government.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Akokpari, J. (2007). The Political Economy of Human Insecurity and Sub-Saharan African, Institute of Developing Economics, Japan External Trade Organisation

Alkire, S. (2003). A Conceptual Framework for Human Security, University of Oxford, Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity, CRISE

Alok, K. Y. (n.d). Rule of Law, International Journal of Law and Legal Jurisprudence Studies, 5(30), 205-220.

Annan, K. (2006). Statement on Human Rights Day 2006 by United Nations Secretary General, http://www.un.org/democracyfurd/XNewsitamaRightsDay.html

Chitiyo, K. (nd). African Security and the Securitization of Development, Africa Programme

Cillers, J. (2004). Human Security in Africa: A Conceptual Framework for Review, A Monograph for the African Human Security Initiative

Decentralisation Finance and Management. (1997). USAID Governance Initiative in Nigeria: A Strategic Associate of Primary Healthcare and Local Government in Rural Development, Inc, African Bureau Working Paper on the Concept of Governance and its Implications for Aids/Development Assistance Programme in Africa.

DesGasper, D. (2014). Human Security Analysis as a Framework for Value-Oriented Governance- The Example of Climate Change, Netherlands, International Institute of Social Studies

European Commission for Democracy through Law. (2016). Rule of Law Checklist, Venice Commission and Council of Europe, www.coe.int

European Commission. (2006). Communication on Governance: The European Consensus on Development, Com 2006, 421 p3.

Fukuyama, F. (2013). What is Governance? Centre for Global Development (CGD), Working Paper 314, Washington DC, Centre for Global Development

Gilles, O. (2016). Peace and Security in Africa, Milano, Italian Institute for International Political Studies

Goldstone, J. (nd). Population and Security.

Hager, M. (2000). The Rule of Law: Defining it and Defending it in the Asian Context, in The Rule of Law Perspectives from the Pacific Rim, The Mansfield Centre for Pacific Affairs

Hank, D. (2005). Human Security Relevance and Implications Parameters: US Army War College, 15(2), 91-106.

Henk, D. (2001). Security in Africa, Occasional Paper N0 1 “Security: A New African Paradigm. www.uz.ac.zw/units/cds/occasional/paper/ ”

Hope, K. (2005). Towards Good Governance and Sustainable Development: The African Peer Review Mechanism on Governance. International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 08(2).

Hussein, K., Gnisci, D., & Wanjim, J. (2004). Security and Human Security: An Overview of Concepts and Initiatives. What Implications for West Africa? Saheel and West Africa Club

Institute for Security Studies. (2013). Improving Human Security in Africa: Pretoria, ISS Annual Review

Kaufmann, D. (2005). Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption, Washington DC, World Bank

Kaufmann, D. (2010). The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues. Global Economy and Development at BROOKINGS

Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A., & Mastruzzi, M. (2010). The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues, Policy Research Working Paper 5430, World Bank, Development Research Group: macroeconomics and Growth Team

Langenhove, L. (2004). Regionalizing Humans Security in Africa, Tokyo, Paper for the United Nations University-Corporate Regional Integration Studies

Lodgaard, S. (2000). Human Security: Concept and Operationalization” Paper Presented at the Expert Seminar on Human Rights and Peace, Geneva, 8-9 December

Maesen, L., & Walker, A. (2014). The Development of Social Quality between 1994 and 2014. Working Paper 13, The Hague: International Association in Social Quality

Oberleitner, G. (2005). Human Security: “A Challenge of International Law?” Global Governance, 11(2), 5-203.

Okeke, E. (2010). The Challenges of Governance in Nigeria: Broad Perspective and Implications for the Engineering Practice: Abuja, Association of Consulting Engineers

Olaniyan, A. (2011). The Demographic Nightmare: Population Boom and Security Challenges in Africa, In Sharamo, R and Ayangafaccds (ed), The State of Human Security in Africa: An Assessment of Institutional Preparedness, Pretoria, Institute for SECURITY Studies

Omodia, S. M., & Aliu, M. (2013). Governance and Threat to National Security in Emerging Democracies: A focus on the Nigerian Fourth Republic, Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(4).

Raeymaekers, T., Menkhans, K., & Vlassenroot, K. (2008). State and Non-state Regulation in African Protracted Crises: Governance without Government, Afrika Focus, 21(2).

Security Council Report. (2011). Emerging Securities Threats in West Africa, www, securitycouncilreport.org

Sharamo, R., & Ayangafac, C. (2011). The State of Human Security in Africa: An Assessment of Institutional Preparedness in Sharamo, R and Ayangafac, C (eds) The State of Human Security in Africa: An Assessment of Institutional Preparedness, Pretoria, Institute for Security Studies

Tamanaha, B. (2007). A Concise Guide to the Rule of Law, St John’s University School of Law. http://ssrn.com/abstract=1012051

Thomas, M. (2006). What do the Worldwide Governance Indicators Measure?, Johns Hopkins University, The Paul H. Nitze school of Advanced International Studies

Tschirgi, N. (2011). The Security-Development Nexus: from Rhetoric to Understanding Complex Dynamics, in McCandles, E and Kavbo, T, (eds) Peace, Conflict and Development in Africa: A Reader, Switzerland, University for Peace

United Nations Commission Report (2003).

United Nations Development Programme (1994). Human Development Report, New York, Oxford University Press

United Nations Development Programme (1995). Human Development Report (1995). New York, Oxford University Press

United Nations Development Programme (2006). Strategy Note on Governance for Human Development, New York, Governance Indicators, A user’s Handbook

Urry, J (2014). Thinking Society Anew. Reprinted in Beck, Ulrich Beck: Pioneer in Cosmopolitan Sociology and Risk Society. Heidelberg: Springer. PP v-xi www.govindicatord.org WGI/ World Bank, 2016.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v8i2.13092

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.