Towards Contextual and Cultural Relevant Science Education in Non-Western Countries: The African Experience

John Fungulupembe Kalolo

Abstract


Recent reforms of science education in the modern world have shown an increased need for culturally and contextually responsive science education in non-western countries. Despite the initiatives, there has been little discussion about the problems of irrelevance, ineffectiveness, and dis-functionality of western science education in non-western contexts, especially Africa.This review examines science education (SE) practices as experienced in non-western contexts. Drawing insights from context conscious science education traditions, the paper examines the link between the modern science education and the students’ life worlds, in non-western contexts. It should be understood that this discussion is not about cultural change per se; rather, it is an engaging discussion focused at reimaging the western science to fit non-western frames of reference. Recognizing the need for relevant science education in non-western contexts, it is argued necessary to restructure science education in non-western contexts so that it exists within historical, cultural, and institutional contexts and that all western science education practices need to be examined to see whether they are better suited to non‐western communities.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jse.v5i3.7147

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