Triggering Economic Growth:Trade Liberalization as the Prominent Factor in Less-developed Countries

Mohsen Mohaghegh, A. S. Valipour


Numerous theoretical and empirical studies have investigated the role of financial development, human capital accumulation, and trade liberalization on economic growth. Their findings, however, have been inconclusive as to which of these factors’ implementation should policy makers prioritize. We construct a panel of more than 160 `developed’, `developing’ and `less-developed’ countries between 1965 and 2017 to address this issue. We use non-stationary dynamic panel estimations to argue that quantitative effects of these factors depend on national income levels. Even though developed countries benefit the most from investing in their human capital and developing countries gain more by improving their financial institutions, our results show that both financial development and human capital are relatively ineffective in less developed countries. Nonetheless, trade liberalization has a stronger impact on GDP growth in these economies than in developing and developed countries.

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Copyright (c) 2021 Mohsen Mohaghegh, Abolfazl Setayesh Valipour

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Business and Economic Research  ISSN 2162-4860

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