Study of Factors Influencing Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) in China

Sumas Wongsunopparat, Sifan Yan


Sustainability in the transportation and supply chain industry has been a concern for decades. Conversations have been ongoing about how to reduce the carbon footprint, incorporate electric vehicles into fleets, and adopt alternative fuels. Now, however, we’re at a crossroad. The global climate crisis has reached a tipping point, highlighting transportation’s contribution to the problem in the boardrooms of most corporations. And for good reason. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, transportation is responsible for nearly a third (29%) of all greenhouse gas emissions. While passenger vehicles make up a significant portion of that number, ships, trains, planes and freight trucks are also in the mix.

The purpose of this research is to study factors influencing Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) in China. These factors include seven first-order variables: independent variables: Carbon Footprint (CF), Organizational Practices (OP), Transportation Model (TM), Environmentally Responsible Packages (EP), Alternative Energy (AE), Partnership Initiative (PI), and Technology Development (TD); two second-order variables: Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) and Operating Model (OPER) and one dependent variable: Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM). 400 sample were collected using electronic questionnaire through social media. We used Structural Equation Models (SEM) for data analysis. The result shows that since the RMSEA, which is an absolute fit index that assesses how far our hypothesized model is from a perfect model, for this model is .039 (<.05) which strongly indicates a “close fit” and the Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) value is .903 (>.90), the model seems to fit well according to the descriptive measures of fit. Moreover, CFI, which is incremental fit indices that compare the fit of our hypothesized model with that of a baseline model (i.e., a model with the worst fit), its value equals .956 indicating an acceptable fit.

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Business and Economic Research  ISSN 2162-4860

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