Animal Welfare and Pig Factory Farming in Ontario, Canada (1950s – Present)

Miguel Mundstock Xavier de Carvalho


This article explores the inception and development of pig factory farming in Ontario, Canada, since the 1950s to date, focusing on animal welfare dimensions. The study showed that although the term “animal welfare” was not well-known until the 1980s, discussions on cruelty and abnormal animal behaviour begun in the early days of factory farms. The article also delves into tensions between the humane movement and the agribusiness sector in Ontario. The article further sheds light on the social context that eventually led to an alliance in support of a conservative, incomplete notion of animal welfare between these former opponents. The article posits that as opposed to supporting the abolition of factory farming, the concept of animal welfare became central to implementing limited reforms in factory farming to convince the public and to marginalize discordant voices while concurrently expanding pig and other animal production worldwide.

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Copyright (c) 2020 Miguel Mundstock Xavier de Carvalho

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379


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