Empirical Approach to Modelling and Forecasting Inflation using ARIMA Model: Evidence from Tanzania

Yohana Marwa Maiga


This study investigates the dynamics of the inflation rate (INFL) in Tanzania spanning from 1990 to 2021 using advanced time series analysis techniques. The dataset sourced from the World Bank online database serves as the basis for analytical exploration. Initially, the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model is applied to understand underlying patterns in the INFL data. Transitioning to Seasonal ARIMA (SARIMA) modeling encounters challenges due to the absence of pronounced seasonality or clear trends. Unit root tests, including the Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (PP) tests, assess the stationarity of the data. Following the identification of non-stationarity, differencing is employed to achieve stationarity. Estimation of ARIMA models (ARIMA (1,1,1) and ARIMA (2,1,1)) is conducted, with diagnostic checks confirming the suitability of the ARIMA (1,1,1) model. The study contributes to the understanding of inflation dynamics and facilitates evidence-based economic policymaking in Tanzania.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v12i2.21695


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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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