Time Matters: Effectiveness of Steaming Times on Forage for Animal Consumption

Leslie Serrano, Leslie Dodd, Bethanie Wood, Jeremy D'Antoni, Joey Mehlhorn


The goal of this research is to determine the effectiveness of portable hay steamer equipment for horse owners averaging 1-15 head.  Hay is a large portion of horses’ diets, but it has a short shelf life.  Dust from hay also becomes a problem due to respiratory diseases. There is a need for a healthier alternative for storing and feeding hay in order to promote optimum animal health.  This study tests the effectiveness of four steaming times on the cleanliness of high-quality, Bermuda hay in the portable steamer.  Swabs were taken from pre and post steaming hay samples and incubated on nutrient agar plates at 37 degrees Celsius for 24 hours. After incubation, bacterial colonies were counted to compare the change in bacteria present from before and after the steaming process. Using two-sample mean differences tests, we found steaming time had a significant impact on the cleanliness of hay.

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v3i2.7946


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Leslie Serrano, Leslie Dodd, Bethanie Wood, Jeremy D'Antoni, Joey Mehlhorn

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

E-mail: jas@macrothink.org

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

If you have any questions, please contact jas@macrothink.org.