Journal of Biology and Life Science

Journal of Biology and Life Science (JBLS; ISSN 2157-6076) is an internationally refereed journal, published online by Macrothink Institute, United States. The journal publishes research papers, reviews and short communications in all fields of biology and life science.

The journal is published semiannually in February and August. The journal accepts article submissions online or by e-mail. For any questions, please contact

JBLS is included in:111

Areas include but are not limited to:

  • Anatomy, Botany
  • Biochemistry
  • Biology
  • Biophysics, and Biotechnology
  • Cytology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Ecology
  • Genetics
  • Hydrobiology
  • Life Science
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neurobiology
  • Physiology
  • Zoology

Authors are invited to submit complete unpublished and original works, which are not under review in any other journals.

This journal is published in online version. The online version can be free access and download.


Each paper published in this journal is assigned a DOI® number, which appears beneath the author's affiliation in the published paper. Click HERE to know what is DOI (Digital Object Identifier). Click HERE to retrieve Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) for journal articles, books, and chapters.

Paper Selection and Publication Process

a). Upon receipt of paper submission, the Editor sends an E-mail of confirmation to the corresponding author within 1-3 working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission/e-mail may be missed. Please contact the Editor in time for that.

b). Peer review. The review process may take 4-10 weeks.

c). Notification of the result of review by E-mail.

d). The authors revise paper and pay Article Processing Charge (100USD).

e). E-journal in PDF is available on the journal’s webpage, free of charge for download. We aim to post articles within 3 weeks of acceptance.



JBLS: JBLS: Vol. 15, No. 1, February 2024, Call for papers


Journal of Biology and Life Science is calling for submission for the issue of Vol. 15, No. 1, February 2024. Submission deadline: February 25, 2024.

I would like to invite you to submit manuscripts to our journal. You may see the journal's profile at and submit online. You may also e-mail submissions to

It is appreciated if you could share this information with your colleagues and associates. Thank you.

Posted: 2023-08-28 More...
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Vol 15, No 1 (2024)

Journal of Biology and Life Science, Vol. 15, No. 1, February 2024

Table of Contents


Immanuel Justine, Modesta Makungu
Gwakisa Aroni, Remmy Assey, Lusekelo Mwangengwa
Luwen Zhang
Ahana Vora, Cindy Xin Wen Zhang
Anjana Bharathiraja
Lusekelo Msomba Mwangengwa, Frida Richard Mgonja
Y Chaula, JD Swilla, F Lyatuu, L A. Namkinga
Kelvin Lee