Analysis of Production System Management of Ghana’s Food and Beverage Industry: Empirical evidence from Spare Parts Inventory Control, Production Quality and Maintenance Modeling

Daniel Owusu-Mensah, Ren Naifei, Lydia Brako, Priscilla Boateng, Williams Kweku Darkwah


The production systems of various industries have increasingly become a strategic business management function that drives differentiation and competitive edge. Production plant maintenance is therefore an integral part of an entire production system management function, which should encapsulate spare part inventory control systems, total quality assurance, improvement measures and cost control measures. This project sought to understand the production process of firms in Ghana’s food and beverage industry, assess the spare part inventory management practices, production quality control practices and maintenance management strategies implemented in order to recommend a maintenance optimization modeling system towards ensuring an optimal operation cost and production quality. Using both the inductive and deductive research approaches, the research project was exploratory and explanatory in nature. Three major players in Ghana’s food and beverage industry: GIHOC-DCL (Ghana Industrial Holding Corporation Distillery Limited), Heathy-Life Ghana Limited (Healthy-Life) and Parlays Ghana Limited (Parlays) were purposively sampled as industrial case studies to generate data from documentary secondary data and survey based sources. The functionality tools available in MATLAB/Simulink software assisted in formulating the maintenance optimization problem, modeling, analyzing and deriving solutions. The study found that the food and beverage processing business in Ghana has a positive correlation with the main agricultural produce of the country and involves a series of activities including processing and preservation of meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, starch products, bread and sugar. Spare part inventory management and quality control tools mainly applied include Statistical Control Charts and Check Sheet rather than optimization models and software.

Full Text:



Agyei-Boahene, A. (2010). FEASIBILITY OF JUST-IN-TIME (JIT) IN GHANA. Thesis submitted to the Department of Business Administration, Ashesi University College.

Al-Bawi, A. (2015). Spare parts management Potential in Production Sector. Sweden: Master Thesis Work. School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Marlardalin University.

Ashayeri, J., Teelen, A., & Selen, W. (1995). A production and maintenance planning model for the process industry. International Journal of Production Research.

Ashton, W., Richards, G., Galatsanou, E., & Bollman, R. (2014). Food & Beverage Processing Industry Growth Pathways to 2020. Rural Developement Institute.

Badiru, A.B. (2013). Handbook of Industrial and Systems Engineering (2nd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.

Baldwin, C. J. (2011). Sustainability in the Food Industry. USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Brown, A. C. (2014). Understanding Food: Principles and Preparation. UK: Cengage Learning.

Bruch, J., Bellgran, M., & Bennett, D. (2014). Science, Technology and Innovation in the Age of Economic, Political and Security Issues". Collaborative Strategies for Successful Production Technology Development Projects. 23rd International Conference For the International Association of Management of Technology. At Washington DC, USA: ResearchGate.

Carlo, F., & Arleo, M. A. (2017). Imperfect Maintenance Models, from Theory to Practice.

Christiansen, B. (2018). Three of the Most Common Maintenance Challenges In the Food And Beverage Industry. Retrieved from Food Safety Tech:

Committee for Economic Development (CED). (2017). Economic Contribution of the Food and Beverage Industry. Arlington: The Conference Board: Trusted Insight for Business Worldwide.

Davis, B., Lockwood, A., Pantelidis, I., & Alcott, P. (2013). Food and Beverage Management (5th ed.). USA: Routledge.

Dopson, L. R., & Hayes, D. K. (2015). Study Guide to Accompany Food and Beverage Cost Control (6th ed.). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Doumeizel, V. (2018). Current challenges in the food and beverage industry. Retrieved from Lloyd's Register

EDU, S. A. (2013). Total Quality Management Practices Among Manufacturing Firms In Ghana (This Thesis Is Submitted To The University Of Ghana, Legon).

Enzing, C. (2009). Product Innovation in the Dutch Food and Beverage Industry: A Study on the Impact of the Innovation Process, Strategy and Network on the Product's Short- and Long-term Market Performance. Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Pub.

Food & Drink Research Network. (2013). Ensuring Sustainable Employment and Competitiveness in the EU Food and Drink Industry: Meeting the Challenges of the Labour Market. UK: Improve Ltd in partnership with CERES:.

Food Engineering's annual report. (2018). 2018 Top 100 Food and Beverage Companies. Retrieved from Food Engineering:

Gelagay, D. A., & Balda, A. (2018). Inventory Management Practice in Micro and Small Enterprise: The Case of MSEs' Manufacturing Sub Sector Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Industrial Engineering Letters, 7(7).

Hubbard, M. R. (2012). Statistical Quality Control for the Food Industry (3rd ed.). US: Springer Science & Business Media.

Hurst, W. C., Tybor, P. T., Reynolds, A. E., & Schchuler, G. A. (2010). Quality Control: A Model Program for the Food Industry. USA: University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Bulletin 997.

IMAP Consumer Staples Report. (2010). Food and Beverage Industry Global Report.

Infor. (2012). How food & beverage companies gain competitive advantage: The importance of implementing a least-cost formulation strategy. Retrieved from Infor Food & Beverage, New York:

International Finance Corporation (IFC). (2007). Environmental, Health, and Safety Guidelines: FOOD AND BEVERAGE PROCESSING. World Bank Group.

Jain, J. P. L. (2001). Quality Control and Total Quality Management. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

Jankowicz, A. D. (2005). Business Research Projects (4th ed.). London: Thomson Learning.

Jiang, R., & Murthy, D. N. P. (2008). Maintenance: Decision Models for Management. Beijing, China: Science press.

Kaplan, D. M. (2012). The Philosophy of Food. London: University of California Press.

Kersten, W. (2019). Supply Chain Performance Management: Current Approaches. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co KG.

Laggoune, R., Mokhtar, W. A., & Kheloufi, K. (2011). Preventive maintenance optimization based on both cost and availability measures, a case study. Conference: 41st ESReDA Seminar on Advances in Reliability-based Maintenance Policies. La Rochelle, France: Research Gate.

Ma, J., Cheng, L. & Li, D. (2018). Road Maintenance Optimization Model Based on Dynamic Programming in Urban Traffic Network. Journal of Advanced Transportation. Article ID 4539324, 11 pages.

Makhado, M and Sukdeo, N. (2018). Advanced Manufacturing: The key to future competitiveness in the automotive industry. Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, July 26-27. Paris, France: IEOM Society International.

Maleti, D., Maletic, M., Al-Najjar, B. & Gomiscek, B. (2012). The Role of Maintenance regarding improving product quality and Company's Profitability: A case Study. IFAC Workshop on Advanced Maintenance Engineering, Services and Technology.

Marchal, P. C., Ortega, J. G., & García, J. G. (2018). Production Planning, Modeling and Control of Food Industry Processes. Switzerland: Springer.

MathWorks. (2005). SimEvents User's Guide. Retrieved from The MathWorks, Inc.

McGrath, M. (2018, June). World's Largest Food And Beverage Companies 2018: Anheuser-Busch, Nestle And Pepsi Top The List. Retrieved from Forbes:

Morin, D. (2009). Fourier analysis. Havard Education: A potential book on Waves, designed for college.

Murthy, D. N. P., Atrens, A., & Eccleston, J. A. (2001). Strategic Maiantenance Management. Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, 8(4), 287-305.

Mwang'onda, E. S., Mwaseba, S. L., & Juma, M. S. (2018). Industrialisation in Tanzania: The Fate of Manufacturing Sector Lies upon Policies Implementations. International Journal of Business and Economics Research, 7(3), 71-78.

Nagib, A. M., Naufal, A. A., Ismail, A., Halim, N. H. A., & Khusaini, N. S. (2016). The Role of Hybrid Make-to-Stock (MTS) - Make-to-Order (MTO) and Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) Inventory Control Models in Food and Beverage Processing Industry. International Engineering Research and Innovation Symposium (IRIS); IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Natural Capital Coalition. (2016). Natural Capital Protocol - Food and Beverage Sector Guide. Retrieved from Natural Capital Coalition:

Nee, A. Y. C., Song, B., & Ong, S. K. (2013). Re-engineering Manufacturing for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering. Singapore: Springer Science & Business Media.

Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS). (2012). Manufacture of Food & Beverages (2nd ed.). Delhi: NIIR Project Consultancy Service.

Ofosu-Kwarteng, J. (2012). HealthCare Delivery and Customer Satisfaction in Ghana: A Case Study of Koforidua Regional Hospital. Kumasi: A Thesis Submitted to the Institute of Distance Learning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved August 18, 2015, from

Ohunakin, O. S, & Leramo, O. (2012). Total Productive Maintenance Implementation in a Beverage Industry: A Case Study. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 7(2), 128-133.

Opoku, Y. K. (2005). A short Guide to Research Writing in Social Sciences and Education. Accra: Ghana University Press.

Pennink, B., & Jonker, J. (2010). The Essence of Research Methodology: A Concise Guide for Masters and PhD Students in Management Science. New York: Springer Science and Business Media.

Politeknik NSC Surabaya. (2007). Food and Beverage Operations: Prodution and Services. Retrieved from Politeknik NSC Surabaya E-Books Collection:

Quaye, J. (2016). Evaluation of Quality Management System for An Alcoholic Beverage Industry (A Thesis Submitted To The Department Of Food Science And Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology).

Ribeiro, J., & Sakey, S. M. (2014). Application of Modern Tools and Techniques for Equipment Maintenance in Ghanaian Industry. International Research Initiatives Conference.

Ribeiro, J. X. F., Sackey, S. M., & Agyei-Agyemang, A. (2015). Status of Maintenance Engineering in Ghanaian Manufacturing Industry. African Journal of Applied Research (AJAR) , 1(1).

Rivera-Gómez, H., Montaño-Arango, O., Corona-Armenta, J. R., Garnica-González, J., Hernández-Gress, E. S., & Barragán-Vite, I. (2018). Production and Maintenance Planning for a Deteriorating System with Operation-Dependent Defectives. Journal of Applied Scienes, 8(165).

Samanta, P. (2015). Introduction to inventory management. ResearchGate. Retrieved from

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2009). Research Methods for Business Students (5th ed.). England: Pearson Education Limited.

Stillwell, J. (2013). Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics in the Nineteenth Century (In Ten, C.L. ed., Vol. VII). Routledge History of Philosophy.

Telang, A. D., & Telang, A. (2010). Comprehensive Maintenance Management: Policies, strategies and Options. NewDehli: PHI Learning Private Limited.

Thi, P. K. N., Yeung, T., & Castanier, B. (2010). Optimal maintenance and replacement decisions under technological change with consideration of spare parts inventories. International Symposium on Inventories. Hungary.

Uzan, A., & Ozdogan, A. (2012). Maintenance parameters based production policies optimization. Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, 18(3), 295-310.

Vasili, M., Hong, T.S., Ismail, N., & Vasili, M. (2011). Maintenance optimization models: a review and analysis. Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Wilson, J. (2010). Essentials of Business Research: A Guide to Doing Your Research Project. London: SAGE Publications Limited.

Yan, X. T., Jiang, C., & Eynard, B. (2008). Advanced Design and Manufacture to Gain a Competitive Edge: New Manufacturing Techniques and their Role in Improving Enterprise Performance. London: Springer Science & Business Media.

Zhong, R., Xu, X., & Wang, L. (2017). Food supply chain management: systems, implementations and and future research. Industrial Management & Data Systems. Emerald Insight, 117(9), 2085-2114.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Food Industry

Journal of Food Industry (ISSN: 1948-545X) Email:

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.