Roles of Organizational Cultural, Networks, Interpersonal Relationships, and Leadership Challenges: An Empirical Investigation of Women in Management

Ali Atallah Salah, Arwa Hisham Rahahleh, Zaid Ahmad Alabaddi, Majd Mohammad Al-omoush


The presence of women in workplace has increased in last decades surrounded by leadership challenges that negatively marked their progress. The aims of the current work are to examine the research gap on Jordanian female managers and to investigate the challenges that women encounter in private and public sectors. Further, this work also investigates the effects of organizational culture, networks, and interpersonal relationships on the leadership challenges that women face in the Jordanian workplace. The current work employed quantitative methods to gather accessible data from the sample of the study. Measures used in this study are demographic characteristics, leadership challenges, organizational cultural, networks, and interpersonal relationships. Partial Least Squares (PLS) approach as a statistical method was used to analyze the data. Results indicated that the most leadership challenges faced by women are organizational networks and interpersonal relationships. Further, results of PLS showed that significant and positive effects carried out by organizational networks and interpersonal relationships and organizational culture on leadership challenges. Practical implications and recommendations for future research are presented and discussed. 

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Journal of Management Research ISSN 1941-899X


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