The Role of Newspaper and State Government in Conservation of World Heritage Site in Malaysia

Mohd Hiriy Ghazali@Mohd Jani, Abdullah Sumrahadi, Bahtiar Mohamad


Currently, there are two historical sites has been recognized as World Heritage Site by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Malaysia, which are Melaka (Malacca) and George Town, Penang. Since its recognition, those cities becomes so famous and positioned as one of the world tourism attraction that need to visit. In line with this prestige, conservation matter definitely appears to be a major concern especially to both cities in order to maintain the status given. The paper aims to discover the local daily newspaper of The Star in terms of its portrayal of image on the historic or heritage buildings within the areas of World Heritage Site. Content analysis and previous literature were used as the research method. The findings show that indeed the images of photo could influence the public reader and create awareness of the issues raised. Behind the image thus, this paper would also examine at the role of the state in an effort to conserve the historic buildings of these two cities. Studies on image or visual are still rare in the country and therefore, this paper intend to fill this gap by associating it with the cultural heritage conservation in Malaysia.

Full Text:



Ali, S., Faridah, I., Mohd, Y. A., Normah, M., & Maizatul, H. M. (2011). The impact of new media on traditional mainstream mass media. The innovation journal: The public sector innovation journal, Article 7, 16(3), 1-11.

Ang, K. H. (2015). Nota penyelidikan, Melaka sebagai pusat pelancongan dunia: Dapatkah dipertahankan. GEOGRAFIA OnlineTM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 11(9), 75-85.

Ashurts, J., & Ashurt, N. (2006). Practical building conservation series: Wood, glass and resins. Gower Technical Press: England, (Volume 5).

Feilden, B. M. (1994). Conservation of historic buildings. Oxford: Butterworth.

Freeman, B. C. (2017). Claims, frames, and blame: Coverage of climate change in ASEAN’s English language newspapers, 2002-2012. SAGE Open, January-March 2017, 1-12.

Ghafar, A. A. (1994). Why buildings decay? Available: (November 20, 2017).

Ghafar, A. A. (2009). Celebrating Malaysia’s world heritage sites: The historic cities of Melaka and George Town. ACCU Nara International Correspondent: The second and the Third Regular Report. Cultural Heritage Protection Cooperation Office, Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU), Nara, Japan, 8-9.

Government of Malaysia. (2007). Application dossier for registration of historic cities of the Straits of Melaka and George Town. Government of Malaysia Printing Office.

Hamilton, W. N., & Zuraini, M. A. (2002). The role of building surveyors in conservation works. Proceedings of the 2nd National Conference on Building Control, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, 22 & 23 January.

Kamal, S. K., Wahab, A. L., & Ahmad, G. A. (2008). Pilot survey on the conservation of historical buildings in Malaysia. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Built Environment in Developing Countries, Penang.

Kong, L., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (1994). Urban conservation in Singapore: A survey of state policies and popular attitudes. Urban Studies, 31(2), 247-265.

Lai, S., & Ooi, C. S. (2015). Experiences of two UNESCO World heritage cities: National and local politics in branding the past. CLCS Working Paper Series, April, 1- 21.

Lester, P. M. (2000). Visual communication: Images with messages (2nd ed.). Wadsworth.

Luque, M. T., Del Barrio, G. S., Ibanez, Z. J. A., & Molina, M. A. R. (2007). Modelling a city’s image: The case of Granada cities, 24(5), 335-352.

Malaysia. (2006). National heritage act 2005 (Act 645). Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Bhd.

Melaka enactment no. 6. (1988). Preservation and conservation of cultural heritage enactment, 1988. Available: (November 11, 2017).

Mohd, H. G., Abdullah, S., & Bahtiar, M. (2017). The involvement of state government, agencies and local authority policies on the conservation of heritage spots in Malaysia. Journal of Government & Politics, 8(3), 327-351.

Mustafa, N. K. F., Johar, S. Ahmad, Zulkarnain, A. G. S. H., Rahman, M. Y. A., & Che, A. A. I. (2011). Conservation and repair works for traditional timber mosque in Malaysia: A review on techniques. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 77, 81-89.

Pearce, D. (1989). Conservation today. New York: Routledge.

Shahrul, Y. Z., Hasnizan, A., & Elma, D. I. (2013). Heritage conservation and regeneration of historic areas in Malaysia. Asia Pacific international conference on environment-behavious studies, university of Westminster, London. Procedia- Social and behavioural sciences, 105, 418-428. Available: (November 15, 2017).

Showkat, N. (2016). Coverage of sanitation issues in India. SAGE Open, October-December 2016, 1-6.

Siti Norlizaiha, H., & Izzamir, I. (2011). The conservation plan for world heritage site: George Town, Penang and Malacca, Malaysia. The 1st International Conference on Rebuilding Place: From Culture to Art and Architechture, University Kuala Syiah, Banda Acheh, Indonesia, 4 October.

Siti, N. F. Z., Mohammad, A. A. R., & Zainal, A. A. (2017). Current issues and future challenges in heritage building maintenance at Malaysia: Literature review. Journal of Humanities, Language, Culture and Business (HLCB), 1(4), 13-21. Available: (December 15, 2017).

Sodangi, M., Idrus, A., & Khamidi, F. M. (2011). Examining the maintenance management practices for conservation of heritage buildings in Malaysia. National Postgraduate Conference, Energy and Sustainability: Exploring the Innovative Minds. Perak: Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

Solihah, M., Mazdi, M., Ruzanna, S. R., Jabil, M., Mohammad, K. Z. A., & Mohamad, P. Y. (2015). Pengurusan bandar warisan UNESCO dan penglibatan komuniti tempatan: Kajian kes di George Town, Pulau Pinang. GEOGRAFIA OnlineTM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 11(12), 87-99.

Soroka, S. N. (2002). Issue attributes and agenda-setting by media, the public, and policymakers in Canada. International journal of public opinion research, 14, 264-285.

Syed, Z. A. I. (1995). Pemeliharaan warisan rupa bandar: Panduan mengenali warisan rupa bandar berasaskan inventori bangunan warisan Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Badan Warisan Malaysia.

The Star. (02 March 2015). Fire destroys six heritage buildings.

The Star. (09 July 2008). Conservation is top priority: George Town, Malacca have job to do.

The Star. (13 July 2008). Living heritage too must be preserved.

The Star. (19 November 2010). Sun Yat Sen heritage trail to be launched.

The Star. (23 November 2008). George Town and Malacca receive world heritage site award.

The Star. (25 April 2008). Call to preserve cultural heritage.

UNESCO. (2017). Operational guidelines for the implementation of the world heritage convention. Available: (January 5, 2018).

UNESCO. (2018). Melaka and George Town, Historic cities of the Straits of Malacca. Available: (January 5, 2018).

Wan Hashimah, W. I. (2012). Sustainability of buildings in historic city of Malacca. ASIAN Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies, 3(10), October, 57- 69.

Yahaya, A. (1996). Some aspects of building conservation in Malaysia. Pustaka Kajian Pemuliharaan Bangunan: Universiti Malaya.


Copyright (c) 2018 Mohd Hiriy Ghazali@Mohd Jani, Abdullah Sumrahadi, Bahtiar Mohamad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104


Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.