A New Look at School Enrolment in Ghana: A Statistical Analysis

Ferdinand Ahiakpor, Jacob Nunoo, Samuel Erasmus Alnaa


This paper assesses the determinants of school enrolment in Ghana during the period from1970-2012 using data from World Bank Development Indicators.The study employed the Bayesian Moving Average model (BMA) in order to address the issue of model uncertainty. By making use of 28 regressors as possible determinants of school enrolment, the results of the empirical analysis show that percentage of female teachers in the community, number of schools in the community, household expenditure, labour force with primary education, progression rate to secondary level. Among others are the factors that influence enrolment level. The results are robust with the change of coefficient priors in the estimated model. Government should introduce the quota system where more females will be trained as teachers and also introduce more programmes to reduce fertility rate. 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jse.v4i2.5242


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