The Effect of Implementing Some Generative Learning Model Strategies in Teaching Reading Comprehension

Fatima Mahmoud Basaffar


The present study investigates the effect of implementing some Generative Learning Model (GLM) strategies in teaching English as a foreign language (EFL) to foundation year students at King Abdulaziz University (KAU). A total of 120 female students studying English at the English Language Institute (ELI) at KAU preparatory year participated in this study. Participants were divided into two groups, a controlled group and an experimental group. Each group consists of 60 students selected randomly. All students were of the same level at the foundation year according to the institute’s placement test. A reading comprehension pre-test was conducted for the two groups to assure similarities. The test consists of two parts, multiple choice questions (MCQs) and Generative Learning Model question (GLMQs). Generative Learning Model strategies were implemented in class using reading texts that are part of the institute’s curriculum. Students were trained to use some GLM strategies including paraphrasing, generating titles, generating questions, drawing mind-maps and images. Four weeks later, a post-test took place for the experimental as well as for the controlled group. Results indicate a significant improvement in students’ performance as far as the GLMQs were considered. Moreover, a positive attitude was strongly reflected in students’ behavior inside the classroom. In addition, students were asked to reflect on the technique used. Positive feedback was strongly evident in their writings. The method adopted turned the class into an entirely student-centered class. Dealing with challenging reading texts turned to be an exciting experience for both the learners and the teacher.

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Copyright (c) 2016 Fatima Mahmoud Basaffar

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International Journal of English Language Education    E-mail:    Copyright © Macrothink Institute    ISSN 2325-0887

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