EFL Listening Anxiety: Online and Face-to-Face Learning

Reem Abdullah Almalki, Miriam Abdullah Alkubaidi, Dalal Abdulrahman Bahanshal


Saudi Arabia is undergoing constant educational changes with online learning as one of the convenient alternatives to face-to-face (FTF) classrooms. This study focuses on English as a foreign language (EFL) learners’ anxiety when learning English, especially in listening skills. Several studies have addressed EFL listening anxiety in FTF classrooms. However, there is a dearth of literature on EFL listening anxiety in online classrooms, especially in the Saudi context. The present study aimed to contribute to a better understanding of EFL listening anxiety in both online and FTF learning modes. Therefore, the study explored EFL students' attitudes toward listening skills in online as well as FTF classrooms. Moreover, it examined whether EFL learners experienced listening anxiety in the aforementioned learning modes. A quantitative approach was employed, and a questionnaire was used to obtain data from a sample of 212 students studying in the English Language Institute at King Abdulaziz University. The findings revealed that despite the learning mode (online or FTF), EFL learners experience listening anxiety. However, online classrooms reduced the listening anxiety for beginner and intermediate EFL students slightly. Therefore, they were more confident in their listening skills in online classrooms. Based on these findings, the study offers pedagogical implications and recommends further research in this area to generalize the results to wider contexts.

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijele.v11i2.21101


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Reem Abdullah Almalki, Miriam Abdullah Alkubaidi, Dalal Abdulrahman Bahanshal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of English Language Education    E-mail: ijele@macrothink.org    Copyright © Macrothink Institute    ISSN 2325-0887

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.